Read and study the new words.


apply for (v) [ə'plaı] – претендовать на ..., подать заявление на ...
applicant (n) [´æplıkənt] – кандидат, претендент
application (n) [ֽæplı´keı∫n] – заявление, заявка
application form letter of application (or cover letter)   – заявление о приёме на работу – сопроводительное письмо (к заявлению о приёме на работу)
assist (v) [ə´sıst] – помогать, содействовать
assistance (n) [ə´sıstəns] – помощь, содействие
benefits package   – льготы
candidate (n) [´kændıdət] – кандидат
career (n) [kə´rıə] – карьера
career objective   – цель карьеры
make a career in   – сделать карьеру в ...
Curriculum Vitae CV (resume) [kəֽrıkjələm ´vı:taı] – автобиография, резюме
employ (v) [ım´plכı] – нанимать
employee (n) [ֽem´plכı´ı:] – служащий, работающий по найму
employer (n) [ım´plכıə] – наниматель, работодатель
employment agency   – агенство по трудоустройству
fee (n)   – оплата труда профессионалов
fire (v) (dismiss) [faıə] – увольнять
hire (v) [haıə] – нанимать на работу
human resource department (personnel department) [´hju:mən rı´sכ:s]   [ֽpə:sə´nel dı´pα:tmənt]   – отдел кадров  
interview (n, v) [´ıntəvju:] – 1. интерью, собеседование, беседа – 2. проводить беседу, собеседование; интервьюировать
interviewee (n) [ֽıntəvju:´ı:] – лицо, с которым проводят собеседование; интервьюируемый
interviewer (n) [´ıntəvju:ə] – лицо, проводящее собеседование; интервьюер
job interview   – собеседование при трудоустройстве
job (n) [d3כb] – работа (место работы или отдельное задание)
full-time job   – работа с полной занятостью
part-time job   – работа с частичной занятостью
occupation (n) [ֽכkju´peı∫n] – род занятий
permanent (adj) [´pə:mənənt] – постоянный
qualification (n) [ֽkwכlıfı´keı∫n] – квалификация
recruit (v) [rı:´kru:t] – набирать кадры, вербовать
recruitment (n)   – набор кадров
register (v) [´red3ıstə] – регистрировать, заносить в список
registration (n) [ֽred3ıs´trəı∫n] – регистрация, внесение в список
reference (n) [´refrəns] – рекомендация; лицо, дающее рекомендацию
salary (n) [´sælərı] – зарплата служащего
shortlist (v, n) [´∫כ:t ´lıst] – 1. включать в окончательный список – 2. окончательный список претендентов
skilled (adj)   – квалифицированный
temporary (adj) [´temp(ə)rərı] – временный
vacancy (n) (opening position) [´veıkənsı] – вакансия
vocation (n) [vou´keı∫n] – призвание, профессия
wage (n) [weıd3] – зарплата рабочих


Match English words with their Russian equivalents, for example: 1-d.

1. applicant a. собеседование
2. occupation b. квалификация
3. qualification c. помощь
4. application d. претендент
5. registration e. заявление
6. assistance f. зарплата
7. employ g. вакансия
8. salary h. род занятий
9. vacancy i. нанимать
10. interview j. регистрация



Match the words with their synonyms, for example: 1- h.

1. vacancy a. payment
2. assist b. employ
3. job c. testimony
4. reference d. dismiss
5. fire e. work
6. hire f. help
7. post g. position
8. wage h. opening


Match the words with their antonyms or opposites, for example: 1- i.

1. skilled a. unemployed
2. employed b. temporary
3. permanent c. prevent
4. hire d. lose a job
5. assist e. part-time
6. strength f. applicant
7. find a job g. weakness
8. employer h. fire
9. full-time i. unskilled


Translate the following sentences into Russian paying attention to the words in bold type.

a) 1. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

2. He's been out of work for a month but now he's found a very good job in New York.

3. A doctor, a teacher, a journalist, and an architect are very good professions.

4. He comes from a professional family.

5. He took up journalism as his career.

6. A job is something you do to make money but career comprises your interests, abilities and ambitions.

7. I could never do an ordinary nine-to-five job.

8. It's important to find a job that offers good career prospects.

9. Nursing is hard work and often low paid but for many people it is a vocation.

10. Medicine has always been a male-dominated profession.


b) 1. The car industry is one of the biggest employers.

2. The number of people in employment has fallen.

3. The new contract will enable us to employ about 50 extra people.

4. I wrote five applications for jobs but didn't get a single reply.

5. Anyone under 30 need not apply.

6. Have you got any income apart from your pay?

7. Bob is on a very good salary now.

8. Her teaching experiencegave her abigadvantage over the other applicants for the job.

9. We will need to havereferencesfrom your formeremployers.

10. We still have vacancies for drivers but all the other positions have been filled.

Choose the necessary word and put it into the gap.

1. We are going to interview three ... for the position.   1 advertise
2. If you need applicants for this position, ... in a special section of the local newspaper.   2 curriculum vitae
3. Personnel office will help you to find a new ...   3 employee
4. All the information about the staff of the firm can be found in ...   4 applicants
5. She has a good ... for the position: a college degree, good work experience.   5 personnel office
6. I want to find a new secretary, so I'll call an employment ...   6 qualification
7. If you are an applicant for the position, you have to write your ...   7 agency
8. Don't ask him ... questions, it will be impolite.   8 personal


Answer the following questions.

a)1) Have you ever had a full-time or part-time job?

What was your job?

How did you get it?

What was your salary (wage)?


2) Is it difficult for a NSTU graduate to find a well-paid job?



b)What qualities best describe people who want to succeed in work or study? Add some more. Use the following words in your answers.

dependable abmitious critical
thruthful accurate responsible
independent decisive quiet
Patient broad-minded reserved
indifferent enthusiastic quick-minded
strong-willed reliable  
Careful/careless persistent  


c) What qualities do you have to get a good job in future?


patience energy
Courage experience
determination talent
goodwill creativity
Charm intelligence
reliability training


d)Think of preferences concerning your future job. Put a cross on each line to indicate your opinion.


prefer to work alone prefer to work in a team
like taking risks plan to avoid risks
like variety like routine
like to work in one place like travelling
prefer to talk prefer to listen
prefer to manage prefer to be managed
like pressure dislike pressure
prefer to think prefer to act
take a long-term view take a short-term view


e)Analyse the previous answers (in b, c, d) and assess your qualities and abilities using the scheme.

  Personal strengths Personal weaknesses Suggestions for further development
I'm independent I'm not persistent I should work
I prefer to work alone I dislike pressure to improve my ...
    I should be more ...


Conditional sentences.

Lets speak about what your future job might be. Complete conditional sentences (II type) using the items that would interest you. Explain your choice.

I would be happy in a job if I could...................................................... .

For example: I would be happy in a job if I could deal with people.

or I would be happy in a job if I worked in an office.

1. do the same things all time

2. do things my way

3. work with machines or use instruments

4. work flexible hours

5. work on information processing methods

6. work in the field of nanoelectronics technology

7. deal with electronic control system

8. work as a part of a team

9. meet with public

10. have experience in the operation and maintenance of eletromecanical plants (установок)


Say that you would act otherwise (иначе) using conditional sentences (II type).

If I were you I ..................................................... .

For example:

If I were you I wouldn't refuse from a full-time job.


1. I refuse from a full-time job.

2. I don't know how to write a letter of application.

3. I accept this part-time job.

4. I am not at work.

5. I don't apply for this job immediately.

6. I don't include Ann into the shortlist.

7. I don't hire a private detective to find out who is blackmailing you.


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