VI. Turn the following sentences into reported questions.
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VI. Turn the following sentences into reported questions.



1. “What is your name?” he asked me.

2. “ Where are your parents?” Uncle Bill asked us.

3. “Can you play the guitar?” he asked her.

4. “Who was at the door?” David asked Janet.

5. The boss asked me, “Have you finished those reports?”

6. I said to Boris, “Does your friend live in London?”

7. “Do you enjoy being famous?” Simon asked him.

8. She said to me, “Did you send them a telegram yesterday?”

 

VII. Turn the following sentences into reported speech.

1. Colin said to Dave, “Please hold this book for me.”

2. He said to her, “Close the door, please.”

3. He said to them, “Please, don’t hurt me”.

4. “Don’t cross the street under the red light”, said the man to Nick.

5. “Explain to me how to solve this problem”, said my friend to me.

 

VIII. Choose the correct answer.

1. She said that it was going to be a wonderful party.

a). “It was going to be a wonderful party.”

b). “It’s going to be a wonderful party.”

 

2. He said the bus might be a little late that day.

a). “The bus was a little late today.”

b). “The bus might be a little late today.”

 

3. She told him that he should study harder.

a). “You should study harder.”

b). “You should have studied harder.”

 

4. He said that the fire had done a lot of damage to the building.

a). “The fire had done a lot of damage to the building.”

b). “The fire has done a lot of damage to the building”

 

5. They said that the manager would inspect the office the following day.

a). “The manager will inspect the office the following day.”

b). “The manager will inspect the office tomorrow.”

 

 

IX. Complete the sentences.

1. “You should spend more time studying.”

The teacher advised _____.

2. “Don’t forget to lock the door before you leave.”

Sam reminded _____.

3. “I am sorry I forgot to call you.”

Jim apologized _____.

4. “You never listen to me, Stuart.”

Mary complained _____.

5. “Shall we go bowling this evening?”

Mark suggested _____.

6. “This man stole my wallet!”

Mr. Brown accused _____.

7. “You must stay for lunch, Sarah.”

Mrs. Stamp insisted _____.

 

X. Turn the following sentences into direct speech.

1. She invited me to go to the cinema with her.

2. He offered to help me to clean the house.

3. We explained that we were late because we had missed the bus.

4. She advised me to see a professional.

5. She agreed to help me to interview the candidates.

6. He accused me of breaking his glasses.

7. Edward complained that the children were always disturbing him.

 

XI. Correct the mistakes.

1. Anna says that lunch was ready.

2. They told me that that was a photograph of their family.

3. Brian told to me that he had a new car.

4. Linda said she had seen the film last week.

5. Tim asked me that John had to be in the office.

 

XII. Complete each sentence with two to five words, including the word in

Bold.

1. “I feel very ill”, he said to her.

complainedHe __________ very ill.

 

2. “I promise I’ll send you a postcard”, Julie said to Mike.

promisedJulie __________ Mike a postcard.

 

3. “Would you like to come to dinner on Friday?” they said to us.

invitedThey __________ to dinner on Friday.

 

4. “What an amazing garden!” said Marie.

exclaimedMarie __________ an amazing garden.

 

5. “I didn’t leave the tap on”, she said.

deniedShe __________ the tap on.

 

6. “I don’t suppose you can lend me thirty pounds, can you?” Caroline said to me.

whetherCaroline wanted to know __________ her thirty pounds.

 

Cтрадательный залог (Passive Voice)

Роль лица или предмета, выраженного подлежащим в предложении, может быть различна: лицо или предмет могут быть активными, т.е. сами производить действие, либо пассивными, т.е. подвергаться действию со стороны другого предмета. В зависимости от того, что является в данном высказывании более существенным – деятель или предмет, на который направлено действие, сказуемое получает различное грамматическое оформление: оно может быть выражено действительным залогом (активной формой глагола) или страдательным (пассивной формой глагола).

В английском языке пассивная форма глагола состоит из вспомогательного глагола to be и смыслового глагола в третьей основной форме (второго причастия). Глагол to beявляется личной глагольной формой и изменяется в зависимости от лица и числа подлежащего и времени действия. Третья форма основного глагола остается неизменной.

 

to be + III (форма глагола)
 

Например:

(Active)

I invite them.

Я (сама)приглашаю их.

The farmers supply the town with agricultural products.

Фермеры снабжаютгород сельскохозяйственными продуктами.

 

(Passive)

I am invited.

Меня приглашают.

The farmers are supplied with industrial goods.

Фермеры снабжаютсяпромтоварами.

 

I askeda question. (Active)

Я (сам) задалвопрос.

The garden surrounded the house.

Сад окружалдом.

 

He was asked a question..(Passive)

Ему задаливопрос.

The garden was surrounded by the wall.

Сад был окружен стеной.

 

She will send a letter tomorrow. (Active)

Она (сама) пошлетэто письмо завтра.

We shall meet the foreign delegation at the station.

Мы встретим иностранную делегацию на вокзале.

 

She will be sent an invitation card.(Passive)

Ей пришлютпригласительный билет.

We shall be met by our foreign partners at the airport

Мы будем встречены нашими иностранными партнерами в аэропорту.

 

Present Indefinite Past Indefinite Future Indefinite
  I am sent   he she is sent it   we you are sent they     I he was sent she it     we you were sent they   I shall be sent   he she will be sent it   we shall be sent   you they will be sent
  меня посылают его посылают и т.д.     меня посылали его посылали и т.д.   меня пошлют его пошлют и т.д.

 

Образование вопросительной и отрицательной формы.

Last year our librarywas suppliedwith new books.

Last year our library was not suppliedwith new books.

Was our library suppliedwith new books last year?

 

Перевод предложений со сказуемым, выраженным глаголом в пассивной форме.

 

1. Сочетанием глагола быть(в прошедшем или будущем времени) со страдательным причастием в краткой форме:

 

The first experiment with electric waves was made by Popov.

Первый эксперимент с радиоволнами был сделан Поповым.

 

2. Глаголом в третьем лице единственного или множественного числа с окончанием- ся, имеющим страдательное значение.

 

The experiment was made in the laboratory of the Institute.

Эксперимент делалсяв лаборатории института.

 

3. Неопределенно-личной формой глагола (при отсутствии подлежащего).

 

The experiment was made in the laboratory of the Institute.

Эксперимент делали в лаборатории института.

 

Если необходимо обратить внимание на то, кем или чем осуществляется действие, тогда существительное или местоимение вводится предлогом by после сказуемого в страдательном залоге, например:

 

The letter was written by my mother.

 

Если действие совершается с помощью какого-то предмета, тогда употребляется предлог with, например:

 

He was shot with a revolver.

 

This book is much spoken about.(Обэтой книге много говорят.)

Pavlov’s works are referred to in many scientific books. (На работы Павлова ссылаются во многих научных трудах.)

Exercises:

I. Open the brackets. Translate the sentences into Russian.

1. At the Institute the students (to be taught) many different subjects. 2. In Athens special attention (to be paid) to reading, writing and literature. 3. Next year a new school (to be built) near our house. 4. Everyboby in our country (to be provided for) getting education. 5. At the factory the young workers (to be trained) how to use the new equipment. 6. Take the book home so that you (to be able) to read it in the evening. 7. A new hydroelectric station (to be built) when we came there to have practice. 8. I (to be told) about that great chemist who devoted his life to chemistry. 9. Many new houses (to be built) in our town. 10. This book (to be translated) into many languages.

 

II.Put the following sentences into Past and Future Indefinite tenses.

1. This machine-tool is mounted on a work bench. 2. We are provided with the necessary literature. 3. I am given the most difficult task to do. 4. Precise data are indicated in a special table. 5. Much attention is also paid to the interior of the house.

 









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