Read the text and create a vocabulary list on the topic.
Лекции.ИНФО


Read the text and create a vocabulary list on the topic.



 

CRIME IN MODERN SOCIETY

 

Civilized societies have created various systems of defending an individual
from violence. Unfortunately, crime rate is increasing all over
the world. So, the police of any country should protect the citizens, their
homes and property.

Violent crime includes murder, rape, robbery and assault. Property crime includes burglary, larceny, theft and motor vehicle theft.

Lawyers have tried to find out the reasons for crime. Some of them say that sometimes a person's greed, jealousy or frustration may lead to committing a crime. Others believe that many crimes against a particular person are committed by the poor. These people can steal money or goods, and they are capable of injuring or killing their victims.

But if such offenders are caught by the police, they still have the right to be defended by a lawyer in court. As a rule, the police and investigators do their best to provide the court with meaningful evidence.

However, there are cases which only seem to be simple. For instance, sometimes it is hard to deal with a car theft, especially if the suspect is young. He usually says that he just wanted to use the car for fun, and then return it to its proper place.

In the United States, anyone accused of a crime has certain rights that are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. This document consists of the first ten amendments to the US Constitution. For example, everyone has the right to a fair trial or he can keep silent without testifying against himself. Besides, under American law, a person is considered innocent unless he is proved guilty in court.

Put the following sentences into the correct order.

He usually says that he just wanted to use the car for fun, and then return it to its proper place.
Some of them say that sometimes a person's greed, jealousy or frustration may lead to committing a crime.
However, there are cases which only seem to be simple.
Unfortunately, crime rate is increasing all over the world.

Say whether the statements are true, false or not stated.

Crime rate is increasing all over the world.

Treason is considered a very serious crime in the USA.

Under American law, a person is considered innocent unless he pleads guilty in court.

It is really hard to deal with a car theft, especially if the suspect is young.

In the United States, anyone accused of a crime has certain rights that are guaranteed by the Habeas Corpus Act.

Make word combinations.

1 crime a) money or goods
2 to steal b) silent
3 a car c) for crime
4 to keep d) by a lawyer
5 to protect e) theft
6 reasons f) rate
7 to be defended g) citizens

 

Put in the correct question tags.

1) Crime rate is increasing all over the world, …?

2) He usually says that he just wanted to use the car for fun, …?

3) It is hard to deal with a car theft, …?

 

Find the English equivalents for the following phrases and word combinations.

уровень преступности

защищать граждан, их дома и собственность

преступления против собственности

кража транспортных средств

любой обвиняемый в совершении преступления

иметь определенные права

невиновный, виновный


Unit 2 CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY

 

Read the text and create a vocabulary list on the topic.

THEFT AND ROBBERY

In everyday language, theft and robbery are used interchangeably. People do not think about the differences between them. Legally, theft and robbery are very different and call for different punishments.

“Theft” is an action which involves taking any kind of property from someone without their knowledge with the intentions of depriving that person of the property. Legally, “theft” and “larceny” are synonymous. Theft includes embezzlement and fraud. “Embezzlement” refers to an employee getting money from the company for his personal use. “Fraud” refers to the use of tricks to take away someone’s property. “Theft” also includes property damage, crimes against property, arson, mugging, looting, shoplifting, etc.

Theft is considered a misdemeanor or felony depending upon the monetary value of the object or property taken. Bob stole Joan’s computer when she was not at home. Bob is a thief. He has committed theft.

“Robbery” is taking anything valuable from another person by using threats, force and intimidation. It may be any form of violence. The main thing about robbery is the presence of a victim.

Robbery is a felony, but it has different degrees or classes. It depends upon the facts whether an accomplice was present or not, whether a weapon of some kind was used, the amount of violence used, etc.

Smith robbed a flat when there was nobody at home. He is a robber. Stealing from people or places is a robbery. Smith is accused of robbery in spite of the fact that he denied everything

Put the following sentences into the correct order.

The main thing about robbery is the presence of a victim.
“Fraud” refers to the use of tricks to take away someone’s property.
“Theft” also includes property damage, crimes against property, arson, mugging, looting, shoplifting, etc.
Legally, “theft” and “larceny” are synonymous.

Say whether the statements are true, false or not stated.

Felony means a serious crime (such as murder or arson).

Theft includes embezzlement and fraud.

Embezzlement” refers to the use of tricks to take away someone’s property.

4 The main thing about robbery is the presence of a victim.

Smith robbed a flat when there was nobody at home. He is a thief.

 

Make word combinations.

1 to deprive a person a) value
2 property b) threats, force or intimidation
3 monetary c) against property
4 to commit d) of the property
5 to be accused e) theft
6 crimes f) of robbery
7 to use g) damage

 

Put in the correct question tags.

1) Bob stole Joan’s computer,…?

2) Robbery is a felony, …?

3) Theft includes embezzlement and fraud, …?

 

Find the English equivalents for the following phrases and word combinations.

разные виды наказаний

лишить человека собственности

хищение

мошенничество

он совершил кражу

любая форма насилия

обвиняется в ограблении

ограбил квартиру

денежная стоимость

 


Unit 3 OUT IN THE COMMUNITY: ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR

 

Read and translate the text. Create a vocabulary list on the topic.

ENGLAND RIOTS

The rioting that broke out in England in August began on the evening of Saturday 6th in Tottenham, a district of north London. The first trouble followed a protest by local people against the fatal shooting of a local man by armed police two days before (most British police officers don’t carry guns, but a few do). The reasons for the shooting are still unclear, though it seems the man had a gun and that the police thought he was a danger to them.

The protest, at first peaceful, turned violent when young people – mostly teenagers – started throwing bottles and stones at police cars. Later, vehicles were set on fire, shop windows were smashed, and looting began. The next night there was similar violence in a few other districts of London, and on 8th August things got much worse when shops and police were attacked in more than ten different areas. Two people died – one of them a 68-year-old man who was attacked by a group of youths when he tried to put out a fire they had started in the street near his home. The violence was no longer directly linked to the shooting in Tottenham: instead it seemed large groups of young people were just copying what they had seen there – and as more police were called in to deal with the most serious rioting, there were fewer officers to prevent looters from attacking shops in other districts.

On the night of 9th August there was serious trouble outside London, particularly in the cities of Birmingham and Manchester. London, meanwhile, was much calmer, as the government had almost trebled the number of police officers on the streets, from 6,000 to 16,000. Most British people were shocked by the violence, and a debate began about its possible causes. In the media and among the public there seems to be agreement that many young people in Britain have no respect for the law, the police, or in fact anyone but themselves. A lack of discipline from parents and at school is seen as a major part of the problem. Many people also think unemployment and poverty can help explain the violence.

Soon after the riots ended there were signs of a much healthier side to British society as people in the affected districts of London got together to help clean up the streets using brooms and rubbish bags. Clearly, however, it will take longer to address the social problems behind the riots than it did to sweep up the broken glass.









Читайте также:

Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-03-15; Просмотров: 119;


lektsia.info 2017 год. Все права принадлежат их авторам! Главная