Лекции.ИНФО


Circle the appropriate form of the words to complete the sentence.



reliable, rely on, reliably

Computers are … machines.

capability, capable, capably

A computer is … of performing operations very rapidly.

creation, created, creative

A programmer usually has a … as well as logical mind.

simple, simply, simpler

Microcomputers are usually … to operate.

technology, technological, technologist

The … improvements of computers have decreased man’s work workload.

accuracy, accurate, accurately

… is one of the advantages of using computers.

permission, permit, permissible

Computers … people to use their time more effectively.

associate, associated, association

Computers are … with speed and accuracy.

changeably, changing, changeable

Memory and primary storage can be used inter … .

education, educated, educational

There are many … institutions that teach computer programming.

 

Choose the right variant in the following sentences.

1. There are different terms which can be (application, applied) to robots.

2. In the play a robot was a (creative, creation) of Rossum and his son.

3. A robot must (imitation, imitate) the manual actions of human beings.

4. These devices though (differ, different) in shape are of the same type.

5. The power unit is a (type, typical) feature of robots.

6. Although robots vary (wide, widely) in shape, size and (capable, capability), they are made up of several (basic, basically) components.

7. A robot can be called a (programming, programmable) device.

8. Robots are (power, powerful) tools for increasing (productivity, production).

9. It is rather difficult to (classification, classify) industrial robots.

10. The term “robot” is (most, mostly) associated with the manipulator.

 

Arrange the words according to the table and then fill in each gap with the suitable word.

 

atomic, actually, optical, successfully, frequency, connection, suitable, considerably, purity, application, detectable

 

 

Noun Adjective Adverb
     
     
     
     

 

1. Lasers were … first called optical masers.

2. Lasers are more … for generation of energy.

3. A precise … is natural for the laser.

4. The … of the laser can be increased … .

5. Lasers can operate in a very high … region.

6. The secret of their success was the high … of the glass used.

7. There are pollutant particles in the air that might be … by a laser beam.

8. In most of the medical applications the laser is like a … knife.

9. This method has been used … on human eyes.

10. The scientists choose this material for its simple … structure.

 

Fill in the gaps with the suitable derivative of the word given in brackets.

1. People experienced the same feeling after the … (invent)… of the steam engine.

2. In the 20th century … (rely) … petrol engines became available.

3. There were some … (restrict)… for using motor cars.

4. The motor car is one of the great human … (achieve) … .

5. Modern cars need servicing … (constant) … .

6. Many designers were involved in the … (develop)… of electric vehicles.

7. A … (solve)… to this problem might be an electrically driven car or a taxi.

8. This problem was solved by the … (introduce) … of a new three-wheel car in Britain.

9. You can repair these damages in your car very … (easy) … .

 

Distribute the following words into nouns, adjectives and adverbs and then fill in each gap with the suitable word.

convenient, solution, responsibility, differently, applicable, discovery, constantly, assumption, practical, failure
Noun Adjective Adverb
     
     
     
     

1. Don’t rely on this information as it’s pure … .

2. The engineers have to study new developments in engineering … .

3. It was a very … moment to discuss a new project.

4. New scientific … make work easier to do.

5. There were no simple … to this engineering problem

6. Engineering education developed very … in Europe and the UK.

7. The previous solution is not … to this particular case.

8. An engineer has to take … for designing the product itself.

9. That new engineering project was a complete … .

10. These results are of … use.

 

Fill in the gaps with the suitable derivative of the word given in brackets.

1. The … (appear) … of modern structures is changing.

2. The quality of concrete has increased … (consider) … in the last decay.

3. Concrete strength is connected with its … (durable) … .

4. The first houses were made … (particular)… of wood.

5. These columns formed a single … (cylinder)… shape.

6. Light-weight concrete occupied an important role in … (structure)… engineering.

7. Plastics are used for the … (develop)… of entirely new uses.

 

9.10 Give opposites of the following words:

pleasant, honest, sane, patient, legal, friendly, convenient, logical, regular, personal, polite, attractive, to dress, to pronounce, to understand

 

9.11 Put in each space below a noun made from the adjective in brackets:

1. What's the _______ of that mountain? (high)

2. Don't say anything that may wound his _______. (proud)

3. He did it in a moment of _______. (angry)

4. Nobody knew how Dr Faust had acquired his great _______. (wealthy)

5. The terrorists were sure that they would get onto the plane with _______. (easy)

6. The idea of going through the cemetery alone filled her with _______. (terrible)

7. I don't know how to express my _______ for your help. (grateful)

8. _______ was on his side again. The jury couldn't prove his _______. (lucky, guilty)

9. His _______ as a poet did not come until after his _______. (famous, dead)

10. The _______ soon became unbearable. We were dying of _______. (hot, thirsty)

Define the part of speech of the following words and translate them into Russian.

differ, different, difference; create, creation, creative, creator; science, scientific, scientist; apply, application; discover, discoverer, discovery; operate, operation; determine, determination, determinative.

 

9.13 Form adjectives from the following nouns, using the suffixes: -al, -ful, -ous, -у, -able, -ible, -ic, -less, -ish. Translate them into Russian.

reason, beauty, hope, doubt, care, aim, use, desire, boy, success, heart, experiment, form, office, danger, fame, electron, base, nature, cloud, sun, child, Scott, history, home.

 

Define the part of speech of the following words and translate them into Russian.

destructive, definitely, particular, excessive, measurement, conclusive, extensive, artificial application.

 

9.15 Complete each sentence with a word formed from a word in the box, ending as shown.

drink equal hand hope partner neighbour wide employ green harm

1. Carol and Andy have just moved into a new …neighbour ..hood.

2. My new ….. er is paying me a much higher salary.

3. The local council have decided to ...... en the main road.

4. Jerry picked up a …… full of the money and smiled.

5. I’m a terrible card player. I’m really …..less.

6. It’s a kind of blue colour, but a bit …..ish too.

7. Bill now works in ….ship with two other architects.

8. Don’t drink from the stream. You don’t know if the water is …. able.

9. Most people say that they believe in the …..ity of men and women.

10. Doctors have proved that smoking is …..ful.

 

Fill in the gaps with the suitable derivative of the word given in brackets.

1. My father is very ... (act) even though he’s seventy.

2. I’ve always wanted to work in the theatre, but ... (act) it isn’t a very secure profession.

3. I ... (hope), we’ll soon find a solution to the problem.

4. Look ... (care) to the left and to the right before crossing the road.

5. It was very ... (care) of you to lose my watch.

6. I take two ... (day) newspapers and three Sunday papers.

7. You’ve broken my camera! Look at it! It’s ... (use)!

8. Thanks for the advice. It was really ... (use).

9. I have some very ... (noise) neighbours.

10. She became ... (fame) as a result of her invention.

 

Define the part of speech of the following words and translate them into Russian.

British, foolish, understandable, heartless, pitiless, successful, experiment, function, musician, socialist, artist, capitalism, professional, fundamental, industrial, doubtful, useful, different, treatment, creative, attractive, peaceful, dangerous, elementary, childish, active, economic, director, worker, passage, marriage, silence, freedom, kingdom.

 

Complete the box where possible.

to direct direction directional
  variation  
to divide    
  constitution  
to compare    
    rotational
to describe    

 

Translate into Russian

unsuccess – unsuccessful –unsuccessfully – unsuccessfulness;

unsystematical – unsystematically – unsystematized;

unteach – unteachable – unteachably;

uncover – uncoverable – uncovered;

uncountable – uncountably – uncountableness –uncounted;

unbodied – unbodily – unbodiliness;

uncivil – uncivilized – uncivilization – uncivilizedness.

 

Read the text and use the word in bold to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.

Moods and colours

Does colour affect your 0) behaviour? 0) behave

1) …,but many experts insist that colour can influence 1) imagine

our moods and 2) ... . 2) feel

So, if you plan to decorate, think 3) … before making a 3) care

4)… about what paint to buy. The effect each colour has on 4) decide

you should be taken into 5) … , as the wrong one could make 5) consider

you depressed or 6) … instead of relaxed and comfortable.6) rest

A cool,7)… blue is best for bedrooms as it’s calming and 7)peace

promotes sleep. Green, representing nature and 8) … , is 8) secure

ideal for living rooms, while red, the colour of energy and 9) …, 9) warm

is best for dining rooms. Another important piece of 10) … is 10) advise

to avoid yellow for the bedroom. If you’re ill, it’s likely to make

you feel worse and slow your recovery.









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