Fill in the squares with nouns upon the models
Лекции.ИНФО


Fill in the squares with nouns upon the models


71 Unit 5. Computer Systems: An Overview

Crossword 1.

Horizontally

1. A more favourable position; gain or benefit. 2. The fol­
lowing one thing after another. 3. Examination, experiment or
trial. ^. The process opposite to multiplication. 5. The heart,
the central part of anything. 6. The science dealing with micro-
circuits. 7. Thickness, compactness; example: packing___ .

8. Application. 9. The doing smth; state of being in motion. 10. To put in writing, to print for future use. 11. Goal, purpose. 12. Memory. 13. Advantage, help; anything contributing to an im­provement in condition. 14. Intelligence, mental ability. 15. Method or manner of doing something. 16. Display. 17. A tiny crystall, containing an integrated circuit.

Vertically

1. Information. 2. Help. 3. Reply, answer or reaction. 4. A group of elements. 5. A unit keeping information. 6. Approach; means of approaching, getting. 7. A style or design; imitation of an existing object. 8. Different form of some thing; condi­tion or quality. 9. A mistake.10. A switch. 11. A fitting together of parts to make a whole. 12. Rate. 13. A model; cliche; stan­dard. 14. A system of symbols used for entering data into the computer. 15. A branch of systematized knowledge of nature. 16. An attempt; a hard try. 17. A device. 18. An example, a sam­ple, a model.


 


Unit 6

FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF THE COMPUTER

1. Ознакомьтесь с терминами текста 1.

operation [apa'reifn] — операция; работа; действие; сра­батывание

to relate [n'leit] — связывать; устанавливать отношения a broad view ['bro:d 'vju:] — широкий взгляд, обзор

unit I'jumit] — устройство; модуль, блок; узел; элемент; ячейка

input — ввод; устройство ввода; вводить; подавать на вход

to insert [m'sa:t] — вставлять; вносить; включать storage memory — память; запоминающее устройство available [a'veibbl] — доступный; имеющийся в наличии at the appropriate time — в нужное время

arithmetic-logical unit — арифметико-логическое устрой­ство

output — вывод; устройство вывода; выводить; подавать на выход

to remove [n'mu:v] — удалять; устранять; вынимать; ис­ключать

control unit — блок управления

cause ['ko:z]— заставлять; вынуждать; быть причиной; причина; основание

to feed (fed, fed) — подавать; питать; вводить (данные)

to interpret [m'tapnt] — интерпретировать; истолковы­вать

to issue commands ['isju: ka'marndz] — выдавать команды pulse — no-pulse — (есть) импульс — холостой импульс


73 Unit 6. Functional Organization of the Computer

2. Прочтите текст и назовите основные функциональные блоки компьютера и ихназначение.

Text 1.FUNCTIONAL UNITS OF DIGITAL COMPUTERS

As we know, all computer operations can be grouped into five functional categories. The method in which these five functional categories are related to one another represents the functional organization of a digital computer. By studying the functional organization, a broad view of the computer is received.

The five major functional units of a digital computer are:

1) Input— to insert outside information into the machine;

2) Storage or memory — to store information and make it avail­
able at the appropriate time; 3) Arithmetic-logical unit — to
perform the calculations; 4) Output — to remove data from the
machine to the outside world and 5) Control unit — to cause
all parts of a computer to act as a team.

Figure 5 shows how the five functional units of the comput­er act together. A complete set of instructions and data are usu­ally fed through the input equipment to the memory where they are stored. Each instruction is then fed to the control unit. The control unit interprets the instructions and issues commands to the other functional units to cause operations to be performed on the data. Arithmetic operations are performed in the arith­metic-logical unit, and the results are then fed back to the mem-


Английский язык. Основы компьютерной грамотности 74

огу. Information may be fed from either the arithmetic unit or the memory through the output equipment to the outside world. The five units of the computer must communicate with each other. They can do this by means of a machine language which uses a code composed of combinations of electric pulses. These pulse combinations are usually represented by zeros and ones, where the one may be a pulse and the zero — a no-pulse. Num­bers are communicated between one unit and another by means of these one-zero or pulse — no-pulse combinations. The in­put has the additional job of converting the information fed in by the operator into machine language. In other words, it tran-saltes from our language into the pulse — no-pulse combinations understandable to the computer. The output's additional job is converting the pulse — no-pulse combinations into a form un­derstandable to us, such as a printed report.

3. Просмотрите текст еще раз. Дайте ответы на вопросы, используя информацию текста.

1. What represents the functional organization of a comput­er? 2. What can we get by studying the functional organization?

3. What is the function of the input device? 4. What does mem­
ory serve for? 5. What is the task of the arithmetic-logical unit?
6. What is the function of the output? 7. What is the main pur­
pose of the control unit? 8. How do all units of the computer
communicate with each other? 9. What is the additional job of
the input? 10. What is the additional function of the output?

4. Найдите втексте английскиеэквиваленты следующих
словосочетаний:

Функциональная организация; действия компьютера; связывать друг с другом; вводить информацию извне; де­лать информацию доступной; выполнять вычисления; выводить информацию; блок управления; выдавать коман­ды; заставлять выполнять команды; выходное устройство; внешний мир; связываться друг с другом; комбинация электрических импульсов; холостой импульс; импульсы, распознаваемые компьютером.


75 Unit 6. Functional Organization of the Computer

5. Разделите приведенные ниже слова на три группы, оп­
ределяя по суффиксу часть речи
существительное,
прилагательное или наречие. Переведите слова.

Organization, functional, available, equipment, processor,-Cbmpletely, architectural, converter, convertible, controller, re­movable, logical, addition, additional, usually, accomplishment, operator, operation, mainly, communication, insertion, elec­tronic, digital, instruction, generally, arithmetic, daily", develop­ment, central, lately, visible, substitution, understandable.

6. Вспомните значение новых слов и попытайтесь переве­
сти словосочетания, употребляемые с этими словами.

Computer, analog computer; digital computer; hybrid com­puter; all-purpose computer; general-purpose computer; fifth-generation computer; game computer; handheld computer; mobile computer; multimedia computer; notebook computer; pocket computer; portable computer.

Unit: unit of memory; unit of data; unit of measurement; arithmetic unit; arithmetic-logical unit; central processing unit; computing unit; control unit; functional unit; input unit; out­put unit; network unit; system unit.

Function: arithmetic function; checking function; complex function; computer function; continuous function; conversion function; distribution function; encoding function; logical func­tion; numeric function; output function; program function; search function; software function; support function; utility function; variable function.

Control: access control; batch control; coding control; dis­tance / remote control; error control; execution control; hard­ware control; input/output control; memory control; power control; production control; program control; rate control; self-acting control; software control; system control.

7. Вспомните значение следующих прилагательных и пре­
образуйте их в сравнительную и превосходную степени.

A. Small; fast; new; long; late; wide; young; easy; great; dull;
rich; bulky; large; vast; early; old; broad.

B. Frequent; reliable; approximate; significant; intricate;
possible; basic; remarkable; common; modern; dependent; gen­
eral; necessary; successful; scientific; universal.

С Good; bad; little; many.



77 Unit 6. Functional Organization of the Computer

Английский язык. Основы компьютерной грамотности______ 76









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