Закончите предложения с помощью модальных глаголов should (have), must (have) or had to в правильной форме.
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Закончите предложения с помощью модальных глаголов should (have), must (have) or had to в правильной форме.



 

1. She ... to take her medicine. (forget)

2. She ... to take her medicine. (remember)

3. My mother was coming to dinner so I ... her favourite cake. It was delicious. (bake)

4. It was raining hard and I got wet. I ... my umbrella. (take)

5. You ... our team play. You have missed a lot! (see)

6. I ... on the wrong bus. I cannot recognize the places we are passing. (get)

7. They ... a taxi not to miss the train. (take)

8. It was a very important meeting and we ... it. That’s why we came back home late. (attend)

9. How can you work in the noise? You ... them to stop talking. (tell)

10. You ... the material well. I see you haven’t made any mistakes in the test. (study)

 

Закончите предложения с помощью модальных глаголов should, need(not) or have to в правильной форме.

 

1. It was Sunday, and we ... to university. (go)

2. You ... them the news. They had known it already.

3. I’m feeling sick. I ... so much chocolate. (eat)

4. I wonder why he is so late. He ... here an hour ago. (be)

5. Why did you wash that shirt? It wasn’t dirty. You ... it. (wash)

6. You ... so much pepper in the meat. It is too spicy now. (put)

7. You ... there. They have phoned us and given us all the instructions. (go)

8. Nick is not here. He ... early. (leave)

9. I ... that night so I went to bed at once. (work)

10. You ... . Everything was all right. (worry)

 

Закончите предложения с помощью модальных глаголов can (not)/could (not) or be able (to) в правильной форме.

 

1. ... you show me that cell phone, please?

2. When I first went to the USA I ... neither read nor speak English.

3. ... I speak to Mr. Brown, please?

4. He lost his key yesterday and ... open the door.

5. When the sun rises they ... to continue their way.

6. ... you show me the way to the station?

7. Excuse me, how ... we get to the nearest supermarket?

8. The boys were very tired but they ... to reach the opposite bank of the river.

9. If you don't help me I ... to translate the text.

10. I ... swim very well.

 

Закончите предложения с помощью модальных глаголов must or have to в правильной форме.

 

1. Kostya is a really nice guy. You ... meet him.

2. You (not) ... eat this salad if you don’t want it. Just leave it on the plate.

3. Students (not) ... talk during the exam.

4. He ... work late at the office last week.

5. You ... say sorry to her.

6. You (not) ... buy cigarettes if you are under 18.

7. My doctor says I ... avoid eating fast food.

8. Tomorrow we ... get up at 7. Our train leaves at 8.

9. The fridge was full so we (not) ... go to the supermarket.

10. My tooth ached so much that I ... go to the dentist.

 

Перепишите предложения, используя need (not) в правильной форме.

 

Пример: It is not necessary to do it. – You need not do it.

It was not necessary to go there. – You need not have gone there.

 

1. It was not necessary to take an umbrella. It didn’t rain. – You ... an umbrella.

2. There is no need for him to go there. – He ... go there.

3. It wasn’t necessary for you to remind me about her birthday. I remember the date well. – You ... about her birthday.

4. There is no reason for us to worry. – We ... worry.

5. Why did she mention all these figures? The situation was clear as it was. - She ... all these figures.

6. There was no necessity for you to do it yourself. – You ... it yourself.

7. Is it any use our sitting and waiting here? - ... we ... and ... here?

8. It is necessary to come there in time. – You ... there in time.

9. Why do you want to do it all today? – Why ... you ... it all today?

10. It wasn’t necessary for Helen to cook that evening. Her boyfriend invited her out. – Helen ... that evening.

 

8. Закончите предложения с помощью модальных глаголов should (have)в правильной форме.

 

1. If you want to get scholarship you ... the exams well. (pass)

2. I don’t see my grandparents enough. I ... and see them more often. (come)

3. You missed a great party last Friday. You ... . (come)

4. I’m sorry that I didn’t take your advice. I ... what you said. (do)

5. They lost the match but they ... . They were the better team. (win)

6. My friend is in a difficult situation. What do you think I ... to help him? (do)

7. I’m waiting for the bus. It ... here in 5 minutes. (be)

8. When we got to the restaurant, there were no free tables. We ... one. (reserve)

9. You have a very bad cold. I don’t think you ... out this evening. (go)

10. What a beautiful view! You ... a photograph. (take)

 

Закончите предложения с помощью модальных глаголов can, could, may, might в правильной форме.

 

1. He … do the work. He is competent enough.

2. You … take the last piece of cake? I don’t want any.

3. He is leaving tomorrow and we … never see him again.

4. Students … not use dictionaries during the test.

5. … I ask you to look after my bag?

6. Let me check my notes. I … have some arrangements for today.

7. He … remember this match for the rest of his life.

8. You … tell what … come to his mind.

9. … open the window?

10. You …read this letter, it’s not a secret.

 

Закончите предложения с помощью модальных глаголов.

 

1. He must finish the work yesterday, but he didn't have enough time. He ... finish the work yesterday, but he didn't have enough time.

2. You have a very bad cold. I don’t think you need go out this evening. You have a very bad cold. I don’t think you ... go out this evening.

3. My tooth ached so much that I can go to the dentist. My tooth ached so much that I ... go to the dentist.

4. We must go shopping today. There is enough food in the house. We ... go shopping today. There is enough food in the house.

5. Should I shut the door? ... I shut the door?

6. I’m feeling sick. I need not have eaten so much. I’m feeling sick. I ... not have eaten so much.

7. Shall you speak any foreign language? ... you speak any foreign language?

8. Must you do me a favour, please? ... you do me a favour, please?

9. I looked everywhere for the book but I can’t find it. I looked everywhere for the book but I ... find it.

10. The sun is shining. I mustn’t have taken the umbrella. The sun is shining. I ... have taken the umbrella.

 

 

5. Вопросы для подготовки устного сообщения

 

Подготовьте устное сообщение по теме My university (15-20 предложений).

 

1. What University and Institute do you study at?

2. Where is it located?

3. Do you study free of charge?

4. What is your major?

5. Do you get scholarship? It is enough for you?

6. What do you know about the history of SibFU?

7. How many institutes are there in SibFU now? Give examples.

8. What can you say about the teaching staff? Give examples of well-known professors and Doctors of Sciences.

9. What equipment or laboratories do you use in your studies?

10. Would you like to enter a postgraduate department after your studies? Why? Why not?

11. Do you live in a hall of residence? Do you like the living conditions there?

12. What opportunities does SibFU provide for students’ development and rest?

13. Do you like to study at SibFU? Why? Why not?

 

 

Ключи к упражнениям

 

Раздел 3. MODERN TYPES OF COMPUTERS

 

Задания на лексику

 

Задание 2.

 


1. nh

2. eou

3. ai / a

4. ou

5. u / ct

6. ppl / t

7. iron

8. a / a/ i/ i / y

9. ur / o

10. i / e / e / e


 

Задание 3.

 


1. multitasking

2. general-purpose

3. high-resolution

4. power supply

5. memory capacity

6. disk drive

7. battery pack

8. handwriting recognition

9. network environment

10. handheld


 

Задание 4.

 


По горизонтали

2. laptop

5. mainframe

7. simultaneously

11. recharge

12. pda/PDA

13. battery

14. high-resolution

 

По вертикали

1. workstation

3. analog

4. multiprocessing

6. hybrid

8. touchpad

9. server

10. portable


 

Задания на чтение

 

Задание 2.

 


1. aim/target/goal - purpose

2. use – application

3. create –design

4. execute - perform

5. operate –act

6. advanced/improved – enhanced

7. extra – additional

8. usually – generally

9. at the same time – simultaneously

10. due to – because of


 

 

Задание 3.

 


1. unite/integrate – divide

2. easy – complex/complicated

3. cheap – expensive

4. slow – fast

5. multiple – single

6. fixed - portable

7. light – heavy

8. out-of-date – modern

9. moderately – extremely

10. unusual - common


 

Задание 4.

 


1. mainframe

2. laptop/notebook

3. supercomputer

4. PDA

5. Workstation

6. desktop computer


 

Задание 5.

 


1. features

2. handheld

3. batteries

4. stylus

5. touch screen

6. buttons

7. voice recognition

8. software

9. Windows Mobile

10. handwriting recognition

11. PDA

12. wireless


 

 

Грамматические упражнения

 

Задание 1.

 


1. am reading

2. am listening

3. am studying

4. is shining

5. is working

6. is driving

7. are meeting

8. are speaking

9. are sleeping

10. are wearing


 

Задание 2.

 


1. am having / ‘m having

2. is writing / ‘s writing

3. Are … studying

4. am not leaving / ‘m not leaving

5. is singing / ‘s singing

6. Is … sitting

7. are arriving /’re arriving

8. am travelling / ‘m travelling

9. is not staying / isn’t staying

10. are crossing / ‘re crossing


 

Задание 3.

 


1. isn’t raining

2. m’ not watching

3. aren’t having

4. isn’t working

5. isn’t sleeping

6. m’ not having

7. m’ not wearing

8. isn’t cooking

9. aren’t getting

10. m’ not telling


 

Задание 4.

 


1. is the child crying

2. are you looking

3. Is Susan having classes

4.is your English getting

5. is he reading

6. is Kate studying

7. are they speaking

8. Are you working

9. are they talking

10. is going


 

Задание 5.

 


1. is … crying

2. comes

3. arrives

4. read/ are reading

5. is working

6. are/ are playing

7. are … doing / am making

8. is getting

9. goes

10. Does … go


 

Задание 6.

 


1. think

2. tastes

3. feel

4. do you want

5. is having

6. Do you know

7. have

8. don’t like

9. am seeing

10. belongs


 

Задание 7.

 


1. I’m sitting at the back of the train.

2. Of course he believes you!

3. What do you think of her new friend?

4. It’s beginning to snow.

5. Hurry up! We are leaving / We’re leavingin a few minutes.

6. The water is boiling / water’s boiling. Please take it off the stove.

7. Don’t / Do not phone him now – he is having lunch.

8. I hope you can help me.

9. Does the fish smell bad?

10. Alice doesn’t / does not play tennis every Monday.


Задание 8.

 


1. am being read

2. am being prepared

3. am being taught

4. is being washed

5. is being watered

6. is being talked

7. are being met

8. are being grown

9. are being made

10. are being hugged


 

Задание 9.

 


1. is being examined

2. is being discussed

3. is being redecorated

4. is being visited

5. is being used

6. are being followed

7. is being built

8. are being checked

9. is being told

10. is being learnt


 

Задание 10.

 


1. is being discussed

2. is not raining / isn’t raining

3. are being checked

4. is staying

5. is not working / isn’t working

6. is being used

7. are being followed

8. is waiting

9. is being built

10. is improving


 

Задание 11.

 

1. The house is being painted at the moment.

2. What poem is being written now?

3. Very tasty biscuits are being cooked. = Very tasty biscuits are being cooked by my younger sister.

4. I am being followed.

5. Your PDA is being used at the moment.

6. This house is being sold.

7. A new bridge is being built. = A new bridge is being built by a famous architect.

8. Your shoes are being cleaned.

9. Don’t turn TV off. It is being watched.

10. New medicine is being invented. = New medicine is being invented by the scientists.

 

Задание 12.

 

1. Her Granny is telling her a wonderful story.

2. A new road round the city is being built.

3. The article is still being translated.

4. Look, the children are planting trees in our yard.

5. The room is being cleaned at the moment.

6. Mary is learning this poem by heart.

7. Millions of fish are being poisoned in the sea by people.

8. The winners of the competition are being announced at the moment.

9. The patient is being examined at the moment.

10. A new house is still being decorating.

 

 

Раздел 4. my university

 

Задания на лексику

 

Задание 2.

 


1. opportunities

2. campus

3. in compliance

4. undergraduate

5. teaching staff

6. is implemented

7. conduct / conducts

8. correspondence

9. is considered

10. is formed


 

Задание 3.

 

1 A P P L 2 I C A N T 3 A 4 L
N 5 B A C H E L O 6 R
7 D O R M I T O R Y A C E
E D T S
8 U N D E R G R A D U A T E U E
D M R A
9 F A C I L I T I E S I E R
S C R C
10 C U R R I C U L U M H
I
P
11 S C H O L A R S H I P
I
12 A L U M N I
A 13 C 14 D O C T O R
15 P O S T G R A D U A T E
Y M G
P R
U E
S E

 

Задания на чтение

 

Задание 1.

 


1. Bologna process

2. implement

3. Bachelor’s degree

4. Master’s degree

5. high-performance computing centre

6. conduct research

7. exchange programme

8. academic building

9. hall of residence

10. achieve one’s goal


 

Задание 2.

 


1. in compliance with

2. goal

3. provide

4. hall of residence

5. unite

6. devote

7. joint

8. promote

9. implement

10. conduct


 

Задание 3.

 


1. international

2. joint

3. devote

4. innovative

5. achievement

6. various

7. development

8. promote

9. compliance

10. solve


 

 

Грамматические упражнения

 

Задание 1.

 

1. need not / needn’t / do not have to / don’t have to

2. had to

3. must

4. had to

5. must

6. need not / needn’t / do not have to / don’t have to

7. must not / mustn’t

8. need not / needn’t / do not have to / don’t have to

9. need not / needn’t / do not have to / don’t have to

10. must

 

Задание 2.

 


1. must

2. Can

3. must not / mustn’t

4. can

5. had to

6. need not / needn’t / do not have to / don’t have to

7. must / have to

8. Can

9. need not / needn’t

10. can


 

Задание 3.

 


1. must have forgotten

2. should have remembered

3. had to bake

4. should have taken

5. should have seen

6. must have got

7. had to take

8. had to attend

9. should tell

10. must have studied


 

Задание 4.

 

1. did not have to go / didn’t have to go

2. need not have told / needn’t have told

3. should not have eaten / shouldn’t have eaten

4. should have been

5. need not have washed / needn’t have washed

6. should not have put / shouldn’t have put

7. need not have gone / needn’t have gone

8. had to leave

9. did not have to work / didn’t have to work

10. need not have worried / needn’t have worried

 

Задание 5.

 


1. Can / Could

2. could

3. Can

4. could not / couldn’t

5. will be able

6. Can / Could

7. can

8. were able

9. will not be able / won’t be able

10. can


 

Задание 6.

 

1. must

2. don’t have to / do not have to

3. must not / mustn’t

4. had to

5. must

6. mustn’t / must not

7. must

8. will have to

9. didn’t have to / did not have to

10. had to

 

Задание 7.

 

1. need not have taken / needn’t have taken

2. need not / needn’t

3. need not have reminded / needn’t have reminded

4. need not / needn’t

5. need not have mentioned / needn’t have mentioned

6. need not have done / needn’t have done

7. Need ... sit ... wait

8. need come

9. need ... do

10. need not have cooked / needn’t have cooked

 

Задание 8.

 

1. should pass

2. should come

3. should have come

4. should have done

5. should have won

6. shoud do

7. should be

8. should have reserved

9. should go

10. should take

 

Задание 9.

 

1. can

2. may

3. may / might

4. may / can

5. May / Can / Could

6. may / might

7. may / might

8. can, may

9. Can / Could

10. may

 

Задание 10.

 


1. had to

2. should

3. had to

4. need not / needn’t / do not have to / don’t have to

5. Shall / shall

6. should

7. Can / can

8. Can / can / Could / could

9. couldn’t / could not

10. needn’t / need not


 

 

ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ

 

Раздел 3. Modern types of computers..…………………………………………...1

1. Задания на лексику………………………………………………………..2

2. Задания на чтение…………………………………………………………4

3. Грамматические правила…………………………………………………7

4. Грамматические упражнения…………………………………………….11

5. Вопросы для подготовки устного сообщения…………………………..15

Раздел 4. My university…………... ……………………………………………..16

1. Задания на лексику………………………………………………………..17

2. Задания на чтение…………………………………………………………19

3. Грамматические правила…………………………………………………22

4. Грамматические упражнения…………………………………………….26

5. Вопросы для подготовки устного сообщения…………………………..30

Ключи к упражнениям. Раздел 3. Modern types of computers.………………..31

Ключи к упражнениям. Раздел 4. My university…………....………………….35

 

 









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  8. IV. Переведите глаголы, пользуясь словарем. Поставьте вместо точек подходящий по смыслу глагол. Предложения переведите.
  9. Task VI. Перепишите предложения, определите в них Причастиe I или Герундий. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
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  11. Task VI. Перепишите предложения, определите в них Причастие I или герундий. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
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