The Advantages and Disadvantages of Modern Technology
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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Modern Technology



Application of computers

At present a great deal of the work force of most countries is engaged in creating, processing, storing, communicating and just working with information. Computers have become commonplace in homes, offices, stores, schools, research institutes, plants.

Computers are known to be used widely in business, industry and communication services today. Data having been entered correctly into the computer component of a data processing system, the need for further manipulation by humans is eliminated. Computer-controlled robots are able to improve the quality of manufactured products and to increase the productivity of industry. Computers can control the work of power stations, plants and docks. They help in making different decisions and in management of economy.

The work of banks depends upon computer terminals for millions of daily operations. Without these terminals, records of deposits and withdrawals would be difficult to maintain, and it would be impossible to make inquiries about the current status of customer accounts.

Computers form a part of many military systems including communication and fire control. They are applied for automatic piloting and automatic navigation. Space exploration depends on computers for guidance, on-board environment and research.

It is required that computers should be applied in astronomy and upper atmosphere research. Weather forecasting, library information services can benefit from computers too.

It is interesting to note that computers are widely used in medicine. They became valuable medical diagnostic tools. Computers are used for optical scanning and image processing, ranging from pattern recognition to image processing. Technicians can operate computer tomography scanners which combine X-rays with computer technology to give sectional views of the body of patients. The views then can be combined into a single image shown on the screen.

We know learning on a computer to be exciting. Students spend more time with computer-aided instruction performing the assigned task, as compared with conventional classroom.

At last air traffic control is impossible without computer application. It fully depends upon computer-generated information.

Due to computers playing an important role at present they will become commonplace in the transition from an industrial to post industrial, or information society.

Задание 1. Перепишите 4 и 6 абзацы текста, сделайте их письменный перевод.

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующих слов и словосочетаний, выпишите их в тетрадь:

рабочая сила, обработка и хранение информации, исследование верхних слоев атмосферы, управление экономикой, быть занятым, захватывающе интересный, банковские счета клиентов, множество, применять, ценные диагностические инструменты.

 

Задание 3. Найдите среди подчеркнутых слов в тексте синонимы к следующим словам, выпишите их в тетрадь:

 

put together, function, information, control, instrument, very interesting, nowadays, people.

 

Задание 4. Определите, соответствуют ли ниже приведенные высказывания прочитанному тексту (верно/неверно/в тексте нет информации):

1. Nowdays a lot of work force around the world is engaged in working with information.

2. Computers have because ordinary everywhere.

3. The graphic computer offers the most flexible means of communication between man and machine.

4. Computer-controlled robots can control the work of power station, plants and docks.

5. Space explorations depends only on engineers for guidance, on-board environ went and research.

Задание 5. Ответьте письменно на вопросы к тексту.

1. What places have computers become common place?

2. What is the role of computer-controlled robot in industry?

3. How are computers applied in air and water transport?

4. How are computers used in medicine?

5. Is it possible to control traffic withouts computers nowdays?

Задание 6. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие независимый причастный оборот, сослагательное наклонение.

Задание 7. Выполните перевод грамматикализованных предложений.

1. Computers being used widely in business, industry and communication services today, humans are saved from monotonous work.

2. The work of banks depends upon computer terminals for millions of daily operations, recording of deposits and withdraws being one of thew.

3. We know of computers to be widely used in business, industry and communication services today.

4. Computers applications in air and water transport is widely known.

5. It would be impossible to control the work of power stations without computers.

6. If we don’t use computers we won’t be able to wake so many exciting explorations in space.

7. But for computers we shouldn’t have increased the productivity of industry to suck a degree.

8. Computing is a concept, embracing not only arithmetics, but also computer literacy.

9. We can wake the computer do what we want by inputting signals, turning switch on and off.

10. Early computers using vacuum tables could perform computations in milliseconds.

 


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА 1, ВАРИАНТ 2

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания:

Задание 1. Перепишите 3 и 4 абзацы текста, сделайте их письменный перевод.

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующих слов и словосочетаний, выпишите их в тетрадь:

влиять/влияние, преимущество, точка зрения, сокращать, рабочее место, в значительной степени, сборочная линия, являться спорным вопросом, годовой доход, обновлять.

 

Задание 3. Найдите среди подчеркнутых слов в тексте синонимы к следующим словам, выпишите их в тетрадь:

rise, universe, to make, to evaluate, many, effectively, disputable, to promote.

 

Задание 4. Определите, соответствуют ли ниже приведенные высказывания прочитанному тексту (верно/неверно/в тексте нет информации):

1. Businesspeople around the world apply typewriting machines to perform work-related tasks.

2. All impacts of modern technology are positive.

3. When the tasks are completed faster and more efficiently it means that sales, services and manufacturing are better.

4. If the organization doesn’t need to pay workers to remain on the job site, it will increase its profits.

5. The most important role for modern technology is played by automation.

Задание 5. Ответьте письменно на вопросы к тексту.

1. Are all impacts of modern technology useful?

2. What means an increase in technology?

3. What happens when an organization uses properly?

4. Are impacts of modern technologies always positive?

5. What problems may technology cause?

Задание 6. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие герундиальный оборот, придаточное предложение условия, причастный оборот.

Задание 7. Выполните перевод грамматикализованных предложений.

1. They suggested that the question of applying the new means of communication should be discussed at once.

2. Without satellites and spaceships the investigation of outer space wouldn’t have been carried out.

3. Provided you had used the satellite communication system, you could have hold a telebridge with the USA.

4. One of the characteristic features of the present century is the extent to which knowledge is used to serve various human purposes.

5. The expansion of scientific activities is known to open up prospects for the transformation of technology and production stimulated by science.

6. To feel responsibility for possible results of his work of the duty of every scientist.

7. Science and technology existing in human activity as the productive forces of society, to main purpose of this union is to advance social progress.

8. We find computers to control machines at factories, to make up lists of, information for libraries and even to translate articles from foreign press.

9. The automated system operating without human intervention, computers became very important part of this system.

10. After the young scientist report having been discussed at the conference it was published in a scientific journal.

 

 

Application of computers

At present a great deal of the work force of most countries is engaged in creating, processing, storing, communicating and just working with information. Computers have become commonplace in homes, offices, stores, schools, research institutes, plants.

Computers are known to be used widely in business, industry and communication services today. Data having been entered correctly into the computer component of a data processing system, the need for further manipulation by humans is eliminated. Computer-controlled robots are able to improve the quality of manufactured products and to increase the productivity of industry. Computers can control the work of power stations, plants and docks. They help in making different decisions and in management of economy.

The work of banks depends upon computer terminals for millions of daily operations. Without these terminals, records of deposits and withdrawals would be difficult to maintain, and it would be impossible to make inquiries about the current status of customer accounts.

Computers form a part of many military systems including communication and fire control. They are applied for automatic piloting and automatic navigation. Space exploration depends on computers for guidance, on-board environment and research.

It is required that computers should be applied in astronomy and upper atmosphere research. Weather forecasting, library information services can benefit from computers too.

It is interesting to note that computers are widely used in medicine. They became valuable medical diagnostic tools. Computers are used for optical scanning and image processing, ranging from pattern recognition to image processing. Technicians can operate computer tomography scanners which combine X-rays with computer technology to give sectional views of the body of patients. The views then can be combined into a single image shown on the screen.

We know learning on a computer to be exciting. Students spend more time with computer-aided instruction performing the assigned task, as compared with conventional classroom.

At last air traffic control is impossible without computer application. It fully depends upon computer-generated information.

Due to computers playing an important role at present they will become commonplace in the transition from an industrial to post industrial, or information society.

Задание 1. Перепишите 4 и 6 абзацы текста, сделайте их письменный перевод.

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующих слов и словосочетаний, выпишите их в тетрадь:

рабочая сила, обработка и хранение информации, исследование верхних слоев атмосферы, управление экономикой, быть занятым, захватывающе интересный, банковские счета клиентов, множество, применять, ценные диагностические инструменты.

 

Задание 3. Найдите среди подчеркнутых слов в тексте синонимы к следующим словам, выпишите их в тетрадь:

 

put together, function, information, control, instrument, very interesting, nowadays, people.

 

Задание 4. Определите, соответствуют ли ниже приведенные высказывания прочитанному тексту (верно/неверно/в тексте нет информации):

1. Nowdays a lot of work force around the world is engaged in working with information.

2. Computers have because ordinary everywhere.

3. The graphic computer offers the most flexible means of communication between man and machine.

4. Computer-controlled robots can control the work of power station, plants and docks.

5. Space explorations depends only on engineers for guidance, on-board environ went and research.

Задание 5. Ответьте письменно на вопросы к тексту.

1. What places have computers become common place?

2. What is the role of computer-controlled robot in industry?

3. How are computers applied in air and water transport?

4. How are computers used in medicine?

5. Is it possible to control traffic withouts computers nowdays?

Задание 6. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие независимый причастный оборот, сослагательное наклонение.

Задание 7. Выполните перевод грамматикализованных предложений.

1. Computers being used widely in business, industry and communication services today, humans are saved from monotonous work.

2. The work of banks depends upon computer terminals for millions of daily operations, recording of deposits and withdraws being one of thew.

3. We know of computers to be widely used in business, industry and communication services today.

4. Computers applications in air and water transport is widely known.

5. It would be impossible to control the work of power stations without computers.

6. If we don’t use computers we won’t be able to wake so many exciting explorations in space.

7. But for computers we shouldn’t have increased the productivity of industry to suck a degree.

8. Computing is a concept, embracing not only arithmetics, but also computer literacy.

9. We can wake the computer do what we want by inputting signals, turning switch on and off.

10. Early computers using vacuum tables could perform computations in milliseconds.

 


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА 1, ВАРИАНТ 2

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания:

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Modern Technology

Technology is known to impact the world to a startling degree. For example, businesspeople around the globe use computers to perform work-related tasks. Some of the impacts of modern technology are positive, but others are not. Person's looking at a list of the advantages and disadvantages of technology is useful because it provides a means by which an individual may assess whether technology implementation is worth potential risks.
An increase in technology generally means that tasks are completed faster and more efficiently. From the business standpoint, this is definitely an advantage, since increased productivity means better sales, services or manufacturing.

When an organization uses technology properly, the technology typically cuts the number of hours that need to be worked. This increases profit for the organization because it doesn't need to pay workers to remain on the job site. However, if the technology cut the number of hours drastically enough, some individuals might lose their jobs entirely because the technology essentially completed the tasks that the employee originally had done. Factories are the best example of this - as more and more robots complete assembly line tasks in an automated way, there's less of a need for physical workers. According to Small Business Bible, jobs are created by technology too, such as information technology specialist positions.

It is debatable whether or not technology is financially a disadvantage or advantage. On one hand, technology is cost effective, according to Small Business Bible - technology may boost revenue and profit through increased efficiency, productivity and limited man hours. However, a business may lose this revenue and profit simply because they have to support and update all of the technology they use. For example, a business might reduce the number of office employee hours with a handful of software programs, unless it then had to pay a technology consultant fees for installing and answering questions about how to use the programs.

An organization using technology to an excessive degree (e.g., when most operations are automated, more machines are used than employees, the majority of employees are in tech support, or everyone is required to use phones, computers, etc.), it may lose the personal appeal it had. Others may shy away from the organization because they want to do business or communicate with a real person and not a machine.

Technology may cause numerous health problems. For example, scientists, researchers and doctors are concerned about the links between technology, obesity/heart problems, eye strain, deafness and muscle issues. Waste from technology such as the used fuel and emissions from factory machines is considered to be the main source of polluting the environment, disturbing ecosystems and making people sick.

 

Задание 1. Перепишите 3 и 4 абзацы текста, сделайте их письменный перевод.

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующих слов и словосочетаний, выпишите их в тетрадь:

влиять/влияние, преимущество, точка зрения, сокращать, рабочее место, в значительной степени, сборочная линия, являться спорным вопросом, годовой доход, обновлять.

 

Задание 3. Найдите среди подчеркнутых слов в тексте синонимы к следующим словам, выпишите их в тетрадь:

rise, universe, to make, to evaluate, many, effectively, disputable, to promote.

 

Задание 4. Определите, соответствуют ли ниже приведенные высказывания прочитанному тексту (верно/неверно/в тексте нет информации):

1. Businesspeople around the world apply typewriting machines to perform work-related tasks.

2. All impacts of modern technology are positive.

3. When the tasks are completed faster and more efficiently it means that sales, services and manufacturing are better.

4. If the organization doesn’t need to pay workers to remain on the job site, it will increase its profits.

5. The most important role for modern technology is played by automation.

Задание 5. Ответьте письменно на вопросы к тексту.

1. Are all impacts of modern technology useful?

2. What means an increase in technology?

3. What happens when an organization uses properly?

4. Are impacts of modern technologies always positive?

5. What problems may technology cause?

Задание 6. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие герундиальный оборот, придаточное предложение условия, причастный оборот.

Задание 7. Выполните перевод грамматикализованных предложений.

1. They suggested that the question of applying the new means of communication should be discussed at once.

2. Without satellites and spaceships the investigation of outer space wouldn’t have been carried out.

3. Provided you had used the satellite communication system, you could have hold a telebridge with the USA.

4. One of the characteristic features of the present century is the extent to which knowledge is used to serve various human purposes.

5. The expansion of scientific activities is known to open up prospects for the transformation of technology and production stimulated by science.

6. To feel responsibility for possible results of his work of the duty of every scientist.

7. Science and technology existing in human activity as the productive forces of society, to main purpose of this union is to advance social progress.

8. We find computers to control machines at factories, to make up lists of, information for libraries and even to translate articles from foreign press.

9. The automated system operating without human intervention, computers became very important part of this system.

10. After the young scientist report having been discussed at the conference it was published in a scientific journal.

 

 









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