The Perm State Institute for Arts and Culture
I am a student. I study at the Perm State Institute for arts and culture. The institute for arts and culture was founded in 1975. The institute has 30 specialized studies and classrooms, all necessary musical instruments. The library with 2 reading rooms amounts 160 000 volumes in its book stock and 1500 items in the record collection. The students are provided with 2 large hostels giving accommodation to 100% of the demand. There are dining rooms in both buildings of the institute.
More than 1500 students study in the day and extra mural departments of our institute. Many of them live in the hostel and get state scholarships.
Nowadays the institute has four faculties: the faculty of culturology, the conservatory faculty, the faculty of arts, the faculty of documentary informational communications.
The faculty of culturology trains managers for the sphere of culture, managers in tourism, directors of mass events and culturologists.
The conservatory faculty trains solo singers, pianists, organ players, string wood-wind and percussion instruments performers, folk instruments performers, folk instruments orchestra conductors, academic choir conductors, specialists in theory of music.
The faculty of arts trains choreographers, cinema and video directors, amateur theatre directors, actors, artists, specialists in theory and history of folk art.
The faculty of documentary informational communications trains specialists in documentation and archive activity, applied informatics and managers of information resources.
175 instructors work at the institute, among them there are many professors and doctors of sciences and many lecturers.
There are many chairs at the institute, which carry out scientific work. They are the following: the chair of management, the chair of mass and cultural education, the chair of social Sciences, the chair of foreign languages, the chair of chorus conducting, the chair of orchestra conducting, the chair of choreography, the chair of stagecraft, the chair of informatics, the chair of librarian affair and bibliography, etc.
There are scientific circles nearly at every chair. Students may take part in the work of the students’ scientific Society. The results of research work are reported every spring at scientific conferences.
Every year the Perm State Institute for arts and culture gives our country many highly qualified specialists for the sphere of culture and recreation.
Perm today is rather a large regional center. It occupies the territory of about 721 km. So it is the second largest city in Russia after Moscow concerning its territory.
Perm is inhabited by 1000000 people of more than 70 nationalities. Perm was founded in 1723 when a big copper smelting plant was set up on the Egoshiha river which gave birth to the city itself. The Perm historians suppose that Perm got its name from the Komi word 'perema' which means 'a hill covered with forest'. And you can see that the territory of Perm is really hilly and there were times when the territory was covered with forests. The Komies were the native people of our lands.
For a long time, beginning with the Egoshiha copper smelting works, Perm developed as an industrial place. Now it is a large industrial center, having about 120 enterprises which employ more than half of its population. They produce a lot of goods, the most famous are jet-engines, cables, bicycles, telephones etc. Perm is a city of science and students as well. There are more than 40 scientific research institutions in it, the Ural branch of the Academy of Sciences, 10 higher schools, the Perm University being the oldest one.
Perm has old cultural traditions. The names of Popov, Sviyasev, Dyagilev, Mamin-Sibiryk, Bahzov and others were connected with our city.
Now we have some professional theatres, a ballet company "Experiment", some theatre studios, a philarmonic society, a museum of local lore, a picture gallery, famous for its unique collection of wooden sculpture and icon collection of the Stroganovs school of icon painting.
Looking to the past of Perm we can see that Perm developed as a large transport center. Now we have a large airport, a transcontinental mainline and an important water artery - the Kama river.
London (р. 354)
London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural centre. London is an ancient city. It is more than twenty centuries old. The population of London, including its suburbs is more than ten million people.
London consists of four important sections: the West End, the East End, the City and Westminster.
The City is a small part of London but it is the financial and the business centre of the country. There are a lot of banks and various offices here. It is the ancient part of London. One of the greatest English churches — St. Paul's Cathedral — is here. It was designed and built by an outstanding English architect Christopher Wren in 1710. Inside the Cathedral we find monuments erected to many generals and admirals. Nelson is also buried here.
Not far away is Westminster — the administrative centre of London. The Houses of Parliament are situated here. It is the seat of the British Government. The building is very beautiful with its two towers and a big clock called Big Ben.
Westminster Abbey where kings and queens are crowned is opposite the Houses of Parliament. This ancient building was founded in the eleventh century.
The West End is the part of London where the rich people live. Fine houses, wide streets, numerous parks are to be found in this part of the capital. The best cinemas, theatres, concert halls, famous shops, comfortable hotels, restaurants, large museums are situated here. The most beautiful London park — Hyde Park — is in this district too. 'Theatreland,' London's main theatre district, which contains approximately forty venues, is located in the heart of the West End of Central London, and is traditionally defined by The Strand to the south, Oxford Street to the north, Regent Street to the west, and Kingsway to the east. Prominent theatre streets include Drury Lane, Shaftesbury Avenue, and The Strand. The works staged are predominantly musicals, classic or middle-brow plays, and comedy performances.
Beyond the West End are the Royal National Theatre and Old Vic, in Southwark; and the Barbican Theatre, in the City of London. London also has many smaller theatres, both around the West End and its periphery.
The East End is the poorest part of London. It includes the Port, the docks stretching for miles and the great industrial areas, which depend on shipping. The workers and the unemployed live here. There are no beautiful houses and parks here, the streets are narrow. The East End is unattractive in appearance but it is very important in the country's commerce.
London is famous for its outstanding places of interest. There are many architectural, art and historic monuments in London such as the British Museum, the Tower of London, the National Gallery, Buckingham Palace, the Nelson Column and many others. Thousands of tourists from all parts of the world come to London to admire its art treasures.
Диалоги (р. 362 – 363)
— Excuse me, can you tell me the way to Trafalgar Square?
— Certainly. Go down Regent Street to Piccadilly Circus.
Turn to the left and in less than a minute you'll be in Trafalgar Square.
— Thank you very much. How far is it from here?
— If you walk, it’ll take you 10 minutes, or a quarter of an hour.
—Is there a bus?
— There's sure to be. But you'd better1 ask the policeman over there. He'll give all the information you want.
— Thank you.
A.: Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the British Museum,
В.: Sure. Cross the road, go straight as far as that high building,
then take the second turn to the right.
A.: Is it very far?
В.: It's a fifteen-minute walk, but you can get a bus.
A; Which bus?
В.: Number 10.
A.: Where does it stop?
В.: Over there. Near the traffic lights.
A.: Thank you very much.
В.: You are welcome.
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