ООО Издательский Центр «Наука»
Лекции.ИНФО


ООО Издательский Центр «Наука»



Саратов

ООО Издательский Центр «Наука»

 

УДК

ББК 81.2Англ.

 

 

Е.В. Головенкова, Л.В. Зоткина, Э.В. Янмухаметова

Be Ready for the Exam!: учебно-методическое пособие по английскому языку для студентов заочной формы обучения специальностей САДИ и МФПИТ. – ООО Издательский Центр «Наука». - Саратов, 2012. – 53 с.

ISBN

 

 

Учебно-методическое пособие состоит из трех частей: первая часть предназначена для студентов 1 курса всех специальностей САДИ и МФПИТ; вторая часть включает контрольную работу для студентов 2 курса специальностей САДИ; контрольная работа в третьей части адресована студентам специальностей МФПИТ. Каждая контрольная работа состоит из разделов «Чтение», «Грамматика» и «Устная речь». Упражнения направлены на расширение словарного запаса студентов, закрепление грамматического материала и развитие навыков устной речи. Пособие также включает краткий грамматический справочник и список неправильных глаголов.

 

Рецензенты:

 

Коновалова Татьяна Николаевна, преподаватель

кафедры «Иностранные языки и коммуникативная компетенция»

Саратовского государственного технического университета

 

Старостина Юлия Сергеевна, канд. филол. наук, стар. преподаватель

кафедры английской филологии Самарского государственного университета

 

Работа издана в авторской редакции

 

ISBN

 

 

© Е.В. Головенкова, Л.В. Зоткина, Э.В. Янмухаметова,2012

 

 

СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

Указания к выполнению контрольных работ
Часть 1. Контрольные работы для студентов 1 курса
Контрольная работа № 1
Контрольная работа № 2
Часть 2. Контрольная работа для студентов 2 курса САДИ
Контрольная работа № 3
Часть 3. Контрольная работа для студентов 2 курса МФПИТ
Контрольная работа № 3
Грамматический справочник (Grammar Reference)
Список неправильных глаголов (List of Irregular Verbs)

 

Указания к выполнению контрольных работ

 

Учебное пособие подготовлено в соответствии с учебным планом для студентов заочной формы обучения технических высших учебных заведений. В каждой контрольной работе имеются три раздела: «Чтение», «Грамматика», «Устная речь». Раздел «Чтение» состоит из заданий к контрольному тексту и упражнений на проверку усвоенной лексики. Раздел «Грамматика» содержит упражнения на проверку определенных грамматических явлений. Раздел «Устная речь» содержит задания и упражнения, направленные на развитие устной речи и навыков составления рассказа. Задания из данного раздела выполняются студентами письменно, как и задания из других разделов.

Студенты 1 курса выполняют контрольные работы из первой части пособия. Студенты 2 курса САДИ выполняют контрольную работу из второй части, студенты 2 курса МФПИТ – из третьей части настоящего пособия. Контрольные работы для 1 курса имеют два варианта; контрольные работы для 2 курса имеют четыре варианта. Номер контрольной работы и вариант определяется согласно таблице:

 

Курс, семестр САДИ МФПИТ
1 курс, 1 семестр последняя цифра зачетной книжки 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 - часть 1, контрольная работа № 1, вариант 1;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 - часть 1, контрольная работа № 1, вариант 2;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 - часть 1, контрольная работа № 1, вариант 1;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 - часть 1, контрольная работа № 1, вариант 2;  
1 курс, 2 семестр последняя цифра зачетной книжки 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 - часть 1, контрольная работа № 2, вариант 1;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 - часть 1, контрольная работа № 2, вариант 2;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 - часть 1, контрольная работа № 2, вариант 1;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 - часть 1, контрольная работа № 2, вариант 2;  
2 курс, 3 семестр последняя цифра зачетной книжки 0, 4, 8 - часть 2, контрольная работа № 3, вариант 1;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 1, 5, 9 - часть 2, контрольная работа № 3, вариант 2;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 2, 6 - часть 2, контрольная работа № 3, вариант 3;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 3, 7 - часть 2, контрольная работа № 3, вариант 4. последняя цифра зачетной книжки 0, 4, 8 - часть 3, контрольная работа № 3, вариант 1;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 1, 5, 9 - часть 3, контрольная работа № 3, вариант 2;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 2, 6 - часть 3, контрольная работа № 3, вариант 3;   последняя цифра зачетной книжки 3, 7 - часть 3, контрольная работа № 3, вариант 4.

Все задания выполняются в указанной последовательности. Задания к упражнениям и сами упражнения должны быть переписаны полностью с выделением или подчеркиванием выбранного варианта ответа. Контрольные работы сдаются в печатном либо в письменном виде в отдельной тетради. Небрежно выполненные и неправильно оформленные работы возвращаются без проверки.

Перед выполнением грамматических заданий необходимо ознакомиться с соответствующим грамматическим материалом.

Зачеты и экзамены сдаются согласно учебному плану и графику университета.

Зачет.Студенты допускаются к зачету после выполнения в установленные деканатом сроки контрольных работ. На зачете студент должен уметь объяснить выбор того или иного варианта ответа, правильно прочитать и перевести контрольный текст, воспроизвести в устной форме подготовленное сообщение из раздела «Устная речь».

Экзамен.К экзамену допускаются студенты, успешно выполнившие контрольные работы, установленные учебным планом, и сдавшие зачет. На экзамене проверяются подготовленность студента к самостоятельному чтению литературы по специальности, владение устной речью.

ЧАСТЬ 1. КОНТРОЛЬНЫЕ РАБОТЫ ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТОВ 1 КУРСА

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 1

ВАРИАНТ 1

 

Текст

SARATOV STATE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

Saratov State Technical University is one of the largest technical universities in Russia. It was founded in 1930. Today SSTU is a unique educational and research complex including 89 chairs, 8 faculties, 12 educational-research centers and 3 institutes. More than 26 thousand students study here including international ones.

Information Technologies, Software Engineering and Electronics, Mechanical Engineering and Cultural Studies, Industrial and Civil Engineering, Architecture and Design, Power Engineering and Social Science, Chemical Engineering and Machines for Food Industry, Transport Engineering and Instrument-Making, Sewing Technology and Fashion Design are main direction of education and research in our university. SSTU is among leaders in innovation activities.

From the beginning of 1990 SSTU has been successfully participating in international activities. Many students and academic staff are involved in international training and mobility programs. SSTU participates in many international programs. SSTU has agreements with universities and companies of Great Britain, USA, Canada, France, Belgium, Spain, Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, Sweden, India, Taiwan and others.

Cooperation with International computer training institutions allows combining higher educational standards of Russian Federation with professional IT standards. Graduates of International Educational Centre of SSTU could get double diplomas: diploma of higher education of Russian Federation and Higher APTECH Diploma in Software Engineering and Higher Diploma in Computer Graphics and Multi-Media.

Together with foreign partners our university organizes annual International Competition in Computer Graphics and Internet Technologies for Kids and Youth. It is called "Digital Wind".

 

Раздел 1. Чтение

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Задание 2. Найдите эквиваленты для данных слов.

 

1. unique 2. chair 3. Power Engineering 4. international 5. research 6. direction 7. successfully 8. architecture 9. to be founded 10. agreement a.успешно b.кафедра c.направление d.международный e.исследование f. архитектура g. энергетика h. уникальный i.соглашение j. быть основанным

 

Задание 3. Заполните пропуски подходящими словами.

 

founded, participates, unique, study, agreements

 

1. SSTU … in many international programs.

2. Today SSTU is a … educational and research complex

3. SSTU was … in 1930.

4. More than 26 thousand students … here including international ones.

5. Our University has … with universities and companies of many countries.

 

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски словами из второй колонки, преобразовав их лексически и грамматически.

 

ПРИМЕР: Saratov State Technical University is one of the largest technical universities in Russia. large
1) It was … in 1930. foundation
2) SSTU is among leaders in innovation … . activate
3) Architecture is one of the main … of education and research in our university. direction
4) There are a lot of … resources in our library. inform
5) From the … of 1990 SSTU has been successfully participating in international activities. begin

 

Задание 5. Составьте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.

 

Раздел 2. Грамматика

Задание 1. Перепишите предложения, раскрывая скобки и ставя глаголы в необходимую временную форму Present Simple или Present Continuous.

 

1. Saratov State Technical University … (be) one of the largest technical universities in Russia.

2. At the moment students … (do) the practical work.

3. 26 thousand students … (study) here including international ones.

4. My friend … (go) to make a sketch today.

5. She … (want) to become an architect.

Задание 2. Вставьте необходимые предлоги.

1. Saratov State Technical University is one … the largest technical universities in Russia.

2. … the beginning of 1990 SSTU has been successfully participating in international activities.

3. SSTU has agreements … universities and companies of Great Britain, USA, Canada, France, Belgium, Spain, Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, Sweden, India, Taiwan and others.

4. There is much interesting … my profession.

5. I am looking … new ideas.

 

Задание 3. Преобразуйте данные слова в форму множественного числа.

 

University, complex, technology, study, child, graduate.

 

Раздел 3. Устная речь

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы (на английском языке).

 

1. What are the main directions of education and research in our university?

2. When was SSTU founded?

3. How many students do study here?

4. What is the “Digital Wind Competition”?

5. With which countries does the University have agreements?

Задание 2. Подготовьте сообщение на тему “Why I chose this University” (15-20 предложений).

 

ВАРИАНТ 2

 

Текст

Раздел 1. Чтение

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Задание 2. Найдите эквиваленты для данных слов.

 

1. annual 2. Software Engineering 3. Digital Wind 4. international 5. research 6. direction 7. successfully 8. agreement 9. to be founded 10. competition a.успешно b.ежегодно c.направление d.международный e.исследование f. Программное обеспечение g. Цифровой ветер h. соревнование i.соглашение j. быть основанным

 

Задание 3. Заполните пропуски подходящими словами.

 

founded, unique, agreements, contains, annual

1. SSTU … 89 chairs, 8 faculties, 12 educational-research centers and 3 institutes.

2. Today SSTU is a … educational and research complex

3. SSTU was … in 1930.

4. SSTU organizes … International Competition in Computer Graphics and Internet

Technologies for Kids and Youth.

5. Our University has … with universities and companies of many countries.

 

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски словами из второй колонки, преобразовав их лексически и грамматически.

 

ПРИМЕР: Saratov State Technical University is one of the largest technical universities in Russia. large
6) It was … in 1930. foundation
7) It … 89 chairs, 8 faculties, 12 educational-research centers and 3 institutes. include
8) SSTU … in many international programs. participation
9) There are a lot of … resources in our library. inform
10) … with International computer training institutions allows combining higher educational standards of Russian Federation with professional IT standards. cooperate

 

Задание 5. Составьте пять вопросов разных типов ко всему тексту.

 

Раздел 2. Грамматика

Задание 1. Перепишите предложения, раскрывая скобки и ставя глаголы в необходимую временную форму Present Simple или Present Continuous.

 

1. SSTU … (be) a unique educational and research complex

2. SSTU… (organize) annual International Competition in Computer Graphics and Internet Technologies for Kids and Youth.

3. Now students … (make) a new project.

4. SSTU … (participate) in many international programs.

5. At the moment students … (prepare) for the competition "Digital Wind".

Задание 2. Вставьте необходимые предлоги.

1. SSTU was founded … 1930.

2. SSTU participates … many international programs.

3. SSTU has agreements … universities and companies of Great Britain, USA, Canada, France, Belgium, Spain, Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, Sweden, India, Taiwan and others.

4. I am preparing … the exams.

5. Cooperation … International computer training institutions allows combining higher educational standards of Russian Federation with professional IT standards.

 

Задание 3. Преобразуйте данные слова в форму множественного числа.

 

Institution, exam, company, standard, university, computer

 

Раздел 3. Устная речь

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы (на английском языке).

 

1. Is Saratov State Technical University one of the largest technical universities in Russia?

2. What does SSTU include?

3. When did SSTU start to participate in international activities?

4. How many diplomas can students of SSTU receive?

5. With which countries does the University have agreements?

Задание 2. Подготовьте сообщение на тему “SSTU is one of the main technical Universities” (15-20 предложений).

Контрольная работа № 2

 

ВАРИАНТ 1

 

Текст

Раздел 1. Чтение

 

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Задание 2. Найдите эквиваленты для данных слов.

1. danger 2. industry 3. acid rain 4. consequence 5. pollution 6. harmful 7. poison 8. layer 9. nuclear 10. ozone a. промышленность b. загрязнение c. вредоносный d. опасность e. последствие f. кислотный дождь g. ядерный h. озон i. яд j. слой

Задание 3. Заполните пропуски подходящими словами.

 

problems, pollution, kind, industry, disappearing

 

1. Air … affects our body.

2. Modern …. damages the Earth.

3. Every ten minutes one … of animal, plant or insect dies out forever.

4. There are many environmental … .

5. Our forests are … because they are cut down or burnt.

 

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски словами из второй колонки, преобразовав их лексически и грамматически.

 

ПРИМЕР: Factories emit tons of harmfulchemicals. harm
1) These … have disastrous consequences for our planet. emit
2) And even greater … are nuclear power stations. threatening
3) Air … affects our body. pollute
4) These are the consequences of the … of civilization. develop
5) Modern … damages the Earth. industrial

 

Задание 5. Составьте к тексту пять вопросов разных типов.

 

Раздел 2. Грамматика

Задание 1. Перепишите предложения, раскрывая скобки, ставя глаголы в нужную временную форму Past Simple или Past Continuous.

 

1. The steam engine … (to appear) in 1763.

2. I (not to go) out last night because it (to rain).

3. Mendeleev … (to create) his Periodic Table in 1871.

4. They (to come) in when I (to have dinner) with my friend.

5. Ecological problems … (to appear) in the XX century.

 

Задание 2. Вставьте необходимые предлоги.

 

1. Modern industry damages . . . the Earth.

2. The seas are … danger.

3. If nothing is done … it, one million species that are alive today may soon become extinct.

4. We all know how tragic the consequences … the Chernobyl disaster are.

5. The seas are filled … poison.

Задание 3. Выпишите из текста 10 прилагательных и дайте формы их сравнительной и превосходной степеней.

 

Пример: serious – more serious – the most serious

good – better – the best

 

Раздел 3. Устная речь

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы (на английском языке).

 

1) What are the environmental problems?

2) What is the cause of the environmental problems?

3) Why are the seas in danger?

4) Why are the forests in danger?

5) What do factories emissions cause?

 

Задание 2. Подготовьте сообщение на тему “How can we save our planet?” (15-20 предложений).

ВАРИАНТ 2

Текст

Раздел 2. Грамматика

Задание 1. Перепишите предложения, раскрывая скобки, ставя глаголы в нужную временную форму Past Simple или Past Continuous.

 

1) I (to cook) when they came home.

2) Yesterday my father (to buy) a car.

3) Last month I (to meet) a new friend.

4) What . . . you (to do) at 6 pm on Monday?

5) The guests (to come) to see me.

 

Задание 2. Вставьте необходимые предлоги.

 

1) Chlorofluorocarbons are released … the daily use of industrial and household products.

2) Deforestation could cause one forth of all species on earth to vanish … the next 25 years.

3) United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) concentrates its activities … these issues.

4) We are obliged to remove factories and plants … cities.

5) These are the main practical measures, which must he taken … order to improve the ecological situation.

 

Задание 3. Выпишите из текста 10 прилагательных и дайте формы их сравнительной и превосходной степеней.

 

Пример: serious – more serious – the most serious

good – better – the best

Раздел 3. Устная речь

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы (на английском языке).

 

1) What is deforestation?

2) What is the harm of the UV (ultraviolet) rays?

3) How do the UV rays influence the nature?

4) When is the World Environmental Day?

5) What causes the damage of the ozone layer?

 

Задание 2. Подготовьте сообщение на тему “How to prevent environmental problems?” (15-20 предложений).

ЧАСТЬ 2. КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА

ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТОВ 2 КУРСА САДИ

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3

ВАРИАНТ 1

Текст

Раздел 1. Чтение

 

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Задание 2. Найдите эквиваленты для данных слов.

1. infrastructure 2. fuel 3. exploitation 4. branch 5. equipment 6. weapon 7. optical fiber 8. naval 9. electronic circuits 10. construction a. оружие b. подразделение c. оборудование d. военно-морской e. оптическое волокно f. использование, эксплуатация g. электрические цепи h. топливо i. сооружение j. инфраструктура

Задание 3. Заполните пропуски подходящими словами.

 

discipline, civil, mechanical, encompass, branches

 

1. Engineering, much like other science, is a broad … .

2. There are several … of engineering.

3. Electrical engineering is a very broad area that may … the design and study of various electrical and electronic systems.

4. … engineering is the design of physical or mechanical systems.

5. … engineering is the design and construction of public and private works.

 

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски словами из второй колонки, преобразовав их лексически и грамматически.

 

ПРИМЕР: There are connections between engineering and art. connect
1) Among … historical figures Leonardo Da Vinci is a well known Renaissance engineer. fame
2) He was also a prime …of the connection between art and engineering. exemplify
3) Some engineering disciplines view the human body as a … machine worth studying. biology
4) Civil engineering is the design and … of public and private works. construct
5) Historically, naval engineering and mining engineering were the most … branches. importance

 

Задание 5. Составьте к тексту пять вопросов разных типов.

 

Раздел 2. Грамматика

Задание 1. Перепишите предложения, раскрывая скобки, ставя глаголы в нужную временную форму Present Perfect или Past Perfect.

 

1. In Political science the term engineering (to be borrowed) for the study of the subjects of Social engineering and Political engineering.

2. She thought I (to read) her book.

3. When it started raining, they already (to leave) the house.

4. Among the philosophies that (to influence) modern architects and their approach to building design are rationalism, empiricism, structuralism, post structuralism, and phenomenology.

5. I (to leave) before you (to come).

Задание 2. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу предлоги.

 

1. Engineering is a broad discipline which is often divided … several sub-disciplines.

2. Engineer is usually trained … a specific discipline.

3. … an engineer's career the engineer may become multi-disciplined, having worked … several areas.

4. In Political science the term engineering has been borrowed … the study of the subjects of Social engineering and Political engineering

5. Social engineering and Political engineering deal … forming political and social structures using engineering methodology coupled with political science principles.

 

Задание 3. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу местоимения some, any, no или производные от них.

 

1. Do you know … outstanding American engineer?

2. I have … doubts choosing my carrier.

3. There is … I can not understand in this theory.

4. There are … products that cannot be advertised on television.

5. I don’t think there is … wrong with the processor.

 

Раздел 3. Устная речь

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы (на английском языке).

 

1) What is civil engineering?

2) What are the main branches of engineering?

3) What is chemical engineering?

4) What does the word multi-disciplined mean?

5) What is mechanical engineering?

 

Задание 2. Подготовьте сообщение на тему “Which branch of engineering do you like best of all? Why?” (15-20 предложений).

 

 

ВАРИАНТ 2

Текст

Раздел 1. Чтение

 

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Задание 2. Найдите эквиваленты для данных слов.

1. science 2. discipline 3. specific 4. scale 5. to characterize 6. device 7. to combine 8. to borrow 9. to study 10. major a. специфический, конкретный b. соединять, комбинировать c. характеризовать d. заимствовать e. изучать f. главный, основной g. прибор h. наука i. масштаб j. дисциплина

Задание 3. Заполните пропуски подходящими словами.

 

career, concern, engineering, designing, major

 

1. These disciplines . . . themselves with differing areas of engineering work.

2. Throughout an engineer's . . . the engineer may become multi-disciplined.

3. Chemical engineering deals with . . . new specialty materials and fuels.

4. Naval engineering and mining engineering were . . . branches.

5. Financial . . . has borrowed the term.

 

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски словами из второй колонки, преобразовав их лексически и грамматически.

 

ПРИМЕР:Engineering, much like other sciences, is a broad discipline. engineer
1) Engineering is often . . . into several sub-disciplines. division
2) Chemical engineering deals with designing new . . . materials and fuels. special
3) Civil engineering is the design and construction of infrastructure, bridges and . . . . build
4) New specialties sometimes combine with the . . . fields. tradition
4) Social engineering and Political engineering, which deal with . . . political and social structures using engineering methodology. form

 

Задание 5. Составьте к тексту пять вопросов разных типов.

Раздел 2. Грамматика

Задание 1. Перепишите предложения, раскрывая скобки, ставя глаголы в нужную временную форму Present Perfect или Past Perfect.

 

1. Britain’s nuclear scientists (to make) progress in harnessing atomic energy.

2. The Roman roads in London (to vanish) in the confusion of the centuries after the Romans (to Leave).

3. Horatio Nelson (to die) on board of his flagship “The Victory”, but before he was told that he (to win) the battle.

4. Cleopatra’s Needle, the monument whish (to lie) for centuries in the sand, (to be presented) to the British nation.

5. Michael Faraday’s discoveries (to give) rise to the electrical industry.

Задание 2. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу предлоги.

 

1. These disciplines concern themselves . . . differing areas . . . engineering work.

2. Engineer can work . . . several areas.

3. New specialties sometimes combine . . . the traditional fields and form new branches.

4. Leonardo Da Vinci is an example of the connection . . . art and engineering.

5. Social engineering and Political engineering use engineering methodology coupled . . . political science principles.

 

Задание 3. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу местоимения some, any, no или производные от них.

 

1. Do you like . . . of these design projects?

2. . . . engineers are trained in several fields.

3. . . . knew that the construction was going on.

4. . . . left these papers on my table yesterday.

5. Does . . . have experience in infrastructure design?

 

Раздел 3. Устная речь

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы (на английском языке).

 

1) Engineering is a broad discipline, isn’t it?

2) What can you say about an engineer’s training?

3) What are the main branches of engineering?

4) What branches were major ones before?

5) How are Social and Political science connected with engineering?

 

Задание 2. Подготовьте сообщение на тему “Choosing career in engineering” (15-20 предложений).

ВАРИАНТ 3

Текст

FAMOUS LONDON ARCHITECT

Before the Great Fire there were 108 churches in the City, but only 20 survived the flames. It was decided to rebuild 51, and this monumental task was given to Sir Christopher Wren (1632 - 1723).

Wren’s masterpiece was St Paul’s Cathedral, but each church was designed with the same care so that no two were alike.

During the Second World War nearly all Wren’s churches were destroyed or damaged. Most were reconstructed, and of the 39 churches in the City, 23 are by Wren.

Inigo Jones (1573-1652) transformed English architecture and introduced a Classical style whose influence was to last for nearly 300 years. In 1617 he was began to build the Queen’s House at Greenwich, and in 1619 was invited by James I to build the Banqueting House for Whitehall Palace.

Jones was also responsible for Covent Garden, which originally took its name from the convent that stood on the site in the Middle Ages. Here Jones based his design on the style of an Italian piazza and created London's first real square. The Garden flourished in the 17th century as the residential area of the rich. It was King Charles' II favourite haunt, a place of entertainment of all sorts.

In the 18th and 19th centuries Covent Garden became known for its fruit and vegetable markets.

In 1974 the market was moved to a new site in Nine Elms, and Covent Garden has become a tourist attraction with continental-style restaurants, bars and clubs.

Another of London's great builders is John Nash (1752—1835). He enlarged Buckingham Palace and gave it a grand archway, called the Marble Arch, which was moved in 1851 to Hyde Park, where it still stands.

Today Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Royal Family. The Flying of the Royal Standard on the palace proclaims that the Queen is in Residence. The Changing of the Guard is a very popular tourist attraction.

Раздел 1. Чтение

 

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Задание 2. Найдите эквиваленты для данных слов.

1. to survive 2. to be reconstructed 3. to create 4. a place of entertainment 5. to base 6. masterpiece 7. to enlarge 8. to be responsible 9. to become known 10. continental style a. шедевр b. увеличить, расширить c. быть ответственным d. стать известным e. создать f. быть реконструированным g. место развлечений h. выжить i. континентальный стиль j. основывать

Задание 3. Заполните пропуски подходящими словами.

 

destroyed, design, survived, transformed, builders

 

1. Only 20 churches . . . the Great Fire.

2. During the Second World War nearly all Wren’s churches were . . . or damaged.

3. Inigo Jones . . . English architecture.

4. Here Jones based his . . . on the style of an Italian piazza.

5. Another of London's great . . . is John Nash.

 

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски словами из второй колонки, преобразовав их лексически и грамматически.

 

ПРИМЕР: It was decided to rebuild 51 churches. decision
1) Many churches were . . . after the war. reconstruction
2) Jones was also . . . for Covent Garden. responsibility
3) The Garden was King Charles' II favourite haunt, a place of . . . of all sorts. entertain
4) John Nash . . . Buckingham Palace. enlargement
5) The Changing of the Guard is a very popular tourist . . . . attract

 

Задание 5. Составьте к тексту пять вопросов разных типов.

 

Раздел 2. Грамматика

Задание 1. Перепишите предложения, раскрывая скобки, ставя глаголы в нужную временную форму Future Simple или Future Continuous.

 

1. This architect (to rebuild) the trade centre next year.

2. Tomorrow at the meeting they (to decide) whom to give the task to.

3. At 10 o’clock tomorrow the manager (to go) to the building site.

4. Our project managers (to work) at a new design project at the same time in two weeks.

5. A new city park (to be) popular among citizens.

Задание 2. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу предлоги.

 

1. This monumental task was given . . . Sir Christopher Wren.

2. Inigo Jones began to build the Queen’s House at Greenwich . . . 1617.

3. The Garden flourished as the residential area . . . the rich.

4. In 1974 the market was moved . . . a new site in Nine Elms.

5. The Flying of the Royal Standard . . . the palace proclaims that the Queen is in Residence.

 

Задание 3. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты.

 

will have to, could, must, may, can

 

1. Yesterday he . . . visit the construction site, but today he is very busy.

2. . . . our engineer have a look at the calculations? – Yes, of course.

3. I … finish this report today, because tomorrow I will go to our office in Moscow.

4. The day after tomorrow she … … show the final variant of the project.

5. The designer . . . create real masterpieces.

 

Раздел 3. Устная речь

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы (на английском языке).

 

1) Who are the famous London architects?

2) Were all Wren’s churches alike?

3) When was Covent Garden built?

4) Was enlarged by Inigo Jones or John Nash?

5) What is Buckingham Palace today?

 

Задание 2. Подготовьте сообщение на тему “Famous London architects and their works” (15-20 предложений).

ВАРИАНТ 4

Текст

FAMOUS LONDON ARCHITECTS

When Queen Victoria came to the throne, a new era brought the first major change in architectural styles since the days of Inigo Jones.

When the railways came to London the Victorians built railway stations. They were so magnificent, that they looked like palaces. Among the most beautiful ones are Euston Station, King's Cross Station and St Pancras.

The Victorian Gothic style dominated in London's buildings until the end of the century, and can still be seen in many civil, public and commercial buildings. One of its strongest supporters was Prince Albert, and after his death in 1861 a memorial to him was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott. A bronze statue to the prince looks across Kensington, the borough that he made into London's centre for the arts and sciences. Prince Albert's other London monument is the Royal Albert Hall, opposite the memorial, which was opened in 1871.

The trend in architecture during the first 20 years of the 20th century was largely a continuation of the Victorian style.

After the Second World War London, and particularly the City, underwent its biggest redevelopment since the Great Fire. There arose concrete and glass skyscraper blocks, towering above St Paul's Cathedral. London had reached its acceptable boundaries, and building land was very expensive. So commercial buildings reached for the sky, matched by high-rise blocks of flats in the East End. In 1969 the Post Office Tower at 580 ft was the tallest building in Britain. It has a familiar name — "pie in the sky", and a restaurant revolves at the top.

The latest contender for the title of London's tallest building is the 600 ft National Westminster Bank building in Bishopsgate.

The face of London changes, as it must if the capital is to remain alive. But its past is still there for all to see — in streets and buildings that portray almost 2000 years of history.

 

Раздел 1. Чтение

 

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Задание 2. Найдите эквиваленты для данных слов.

1. a major change 2. architectural style 3. to be magnificent 4. to dominate in something 5. to be designed 6. a trend in architecture 7. to be a continuation of something 8. building land 9. to reach for something 10. to remain alive a. доминировать в чем-либо b. направление в архитектуре c. земля под строительство d. быть великолепным e. достигать чего-либо f. оставаться живым g. быть продолжением чего-либо h. важная перемена i. быть спроектированным j. архитектурный стиль

Задание 3. Заполните пропуски подходящими словами.

 

revolving, architectural, magnificent, history, dominated

 

1. A new era brought the first major change in . . . styles.

2. They were so . . . , that they looked like palaces.

3. The Victorian Gothic style . . . in London until the end of the century.

4. The Post Office Tower has a . . . restaurant at the top.

5. London streets and buildings portray almost 2000 years of . . . .

 

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски словами из второй колонки, преобразовав их лексически и грамматически.

 

ПРИМЕР: The Victorians built railway stations. building
1) Among the most . . . stations are Euston Station and St Pancras. beauty
2) One of its strongest . . . was Prince Albert. support
3) The trend in architecture at the beginning of the 20th century was a . . . of the Victorian style. continue
4) After the Second World War London underwent its biggest . . . since the Great Fire. develop
5) A restaurant . . . at the top of the Post Office Tower revolving

 

Задание 5. Составьте к тексту пять вопросов разных типов.

 

Раздел 2. Грамматика

Задание 1. Перепишите предложения, раскрывая скобки, ставя глаголы в нужную временную форму Future Simple или Future Continuous.

 

1. This business centre (to be) the tallest in our town.

2. I (to work) at my book all the day tomorrow.

3. A famous architect (to design) this new district of the town.

4. The engineers promises that the construction (to be finished) in time.

5. On Monday at 12 o’clock they (to discuss) this very question.

Задание 2. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу предлоги.

 

1. The Victorian Gothic style can still be seen . . . many buildings.

2. . . . Prince Albert’s death a memorial to him was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott.

3. The latest contender . . . the title of London's tallest building is the National Westminster Bank building in Bishopsgate.

4. Commercial buildings were matched . . . high-rise blocks of flats in the East End.

5. A bronze statue . . . the prince looks across Kensington.

 

Задание 3. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу модальные глаголы или их эквиваленты.

 

may, will have to, must, could, can

 

1. I . . . go to the construction manager tomorrow.

2. You . . . visit a new office if you have time.

3. Richard wants to know if he . . . take the magazine for some time.

4. She . . . check everything before the conference starts.

5. Last month they had a vacation and . . . have a rest in countryside very often.

 

Раздел 3. Устная речь

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы (на английском языке).

 

1) When did a change in architectural styles in London begin?

2) What are the most beautiful railway stations in London?

3) What are the monuments to Prince Albert?

4) What kind of redevelopment did London undergo after the Second World War?

5) Can we see London past in its streets and buildings?

 

Задание 2. Подготовьте сообщение на тему “Changes in London architecture in the 19th – 20th centuries” (15-20 предложений).

 

ЧАСТЬ 3. КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА

ДЛЯ СУДЕНТОВ 2 КУРСА МФПИТ

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3

ВАРИАНТ 1

 

Текст

COMPUTERS AND THE INTERNET

Computer is an electronic device that can receive a program (a set of instructions) and then carry out this program by calculating numerical information.

The modern world of high technology is possible mainly due to the development of the computer. Computers have opened up a new era in manufacturing by means of automation, and they have enhanced modern communication systems.

Personal computers are also called microcomputers or home computer. The most compact are called laptops. They are portable and work on built-in batteries.

Personal computers are designed for use at homes, schools, and offices. At home they can be used for home management (balancing the family finances, for example) and for playing computer games, watching films or listening to music. Schoolchildren can use computers for doing their homework and many schools now have computers for independent learning and computer-literacy studies. In the office personal computers may be used for word processing, bookkeeping, storage and handling of necessary information.

The Internet and its technology continue to have a profound effect in promoting the exchange of information, making possible rapid transactions among businesses, and supporting global collaboration among individuals and organizations. More than 100 million computers are connected via the global Internet in 2000, and even more are attached to enterprise internets. The development of the World Wide Web leads to the rapid introduction of new business tools and activities that may lead to annual business transactions on the Internet worth hundreds of billions of dollars.

 

Раздел 1. Чтение

 

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст письменно.

Задание 2. Найдите эквиваленты для данных слов.

1. word processing 2. possible 3. exchange 4. rapid 5. transaction 6. device 7. manufacturing 8. storage 9. computer-literacy 10. development a.компьютерная грамотность b.быстрый c.сделка d.производство e.хранение f. устройство g.возможный h. электронная обработка текста i.развитие j. обмен

Задание 3. Заполните пропуски подходящими словами.

 

сonnected, era, development, personal, home

 

1. Computers have opened up a new … in manufacturing.

2. More than 100 million computers are … via the global Internet in 2000.

3. The … of the World Wide Web leads to the rapid introduction of new business tools and activities.

4. Personal computers are also called microcomputers or … computer.

5. … computers are designed for use at homes.

 

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски словами из второй колонки, преобразовав их лексически и грамматически.

 

ПРИМЕР: The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks interconnection
1) Internet is a short … of the technical term internetwork formula
2) File sharing is an example of … large amounts of data across the Internet. transfer
3) The Web has also enabled individuals and organizations to … ideas and information to a potentially large audience online. publication
4) The Internet allows computer users to remotely … other computers and information stores easily. Assessment
5) The Internet is allowing greater … in working hours and location. flexible

 

Задание 5. Составьте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.

 

Раздел 2. Грамматика

Задание 1. Перепишите предложения, раскрывая скобки, ставя глаголы в нужную временную форму Present Perfect or Past Perfect.

 

1. Computers … (open) up a new era in manufacturing.

2. There was no Internet, before the computers (appear).

3. I just (send) e-mail.

4. He (hear) the news before I began to read the letter.

5. Anybody (take) my laptop?

 

Задание 2. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу местоимения some, any, no или производные от них.

 

1. These documents may also contain … combination of computer data.

2. The Internet has … centralized governance.

3. … psychologists believe that Internet use has other effects on individuals for instance interfering with the deep thinking that leads to true creativity.

4. Do you know … IT engineer who can help me?

5. There are … problems with the program.

 

Задание 3. Вставьте необходимые предлоги.

 

1. Computers have opened up a new era in manufacturing … means of automation.

2. They are portable and work … built-in batteries.

3. Personal computers are designed … use at homes.

4. The Internet and its technology continue to have a profound effect … promoting the exchange of information.

5. More than 100 million computers are connected … the global Internet in 2000.

 

Раздел 3. Устная речь

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы (на английском языке).

 

1. What is the Internet?

2. What is a computer?

3. Is computerization helpful for engineering?

4. How can the computers help in independent learning?

5. What does the word laptop mean?

 

Задание 2. Подготовьте сообщение на тему “Computer is a part of the engineer’s work” (15-20 предложений).

 

ВАРИАНТ 2

 

Текст

COMPUTERS AND THE INTERNET

Computer is an electronic device that can receive a program (a set of instructions) and then carry out this program by calculating numerical information.

The modern world of high technology is possible mainly due to the development of the computer. Computers have opened up a new era in manufacturing by means of automation, and they have enhanced modern communication systems.

Personal computers are also called microcomputers or home computer. The most compact are called laptops. They are portable and work on built-i









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